The Old Abe Eagle, White Oaks:
January 4, 1894 NVS
January 11, 1894: NVS
January 18, 1894:
Marriage: Lute Jeanings, Miss Corn, dau. of Willis
Corn, Jan. 12.
Died: Jonathan Scroggins, age 59 years 11 months 29
days, Tuesday, Russian Influenza, died.
January 25, 1894:
Disinterred: Thomas W. Corey, died 1892, laid
beside his mother, White Oaks Masonic Section.
Married: The Eagle reported a romance in White Oaks
involving George Howard aka Brown, apparently a Black man and Francesca
a daughter of Don Bitor Moruje, apparently a Mexican. The writer tried
to be so cute that this compiler was unable to decipher what was said,
or if they were married. One quote said, “Yo’ jua’ watch me. Some
‘in’ ‘ll cu’minate to-mor’ ‘bout 10 o’clock in the mawnin’. ‘N’ en
if that fellow puts his foot in my house, w’en the gun cracks he’s my
meat.” And so on…
February 1, 1894:
Died: Mrs. R. M. Nugent, Jan. 31, Nogal, died.
Marriage: John Wharton, Miss Mary Hyde, Sunday 4th.
White Oaks School: Honor students: 147 total.
Robert Lund, Harry Gallacher, Roy Gumm, Cody
Kempton, Coke Keith, John Gallacher, Lang Keith, Jas. Lee, Fred
Blackhart, Jas. Davis, Medora Hurd, Jodie Biggs, Margie McCourt, Allie
Keith, May Lee, Susie McMains, Blythe Biggs, Maggie Wickaon, Leona
Keith, John Lane,
Edward Strumgquist, Edgar Watson, Jesus Padilla,
Roy Treat, Jose Sanchez, Leo Schwartz, Perfecto Archuleta, Willie
Gallagher, Bennie Sandoval, Rich’d Hamilton, Omer Strumquist, Eff.
Hughes, Mary McMains, Bessie Taliaferro, Florence Murdock, Adella Keith,
Guesita Kestler, May Cleghorn, Ada Steck, Pearl Blackhart, Minnie
McDade, Bonito Grieshaber, Willie Watson, Nachu Capauane, Henry Gibbons.
Wharton Haley teacher.
February 8, 1894:
Estate: Wm. Caffrey, no other information.
February 15, 1894:
Died: James William, age 5 months 10 days, buried
February 24, 1894: NVS
March 1, 1894:
Died: C. V. Van Sickle, brutally murdered, February
Other: Baxter Restaurant, one meal 35 cents, three
meals $1, meal ticket $6.
Died: Six men killed in mine explosion: Samuel
Wells, Albert Snyder, Ed. Hogan, Joseph Fotheringill, Robert Penman,
Richard Thornton, died.
Other: Repeat of Honor Students lost.
Other: The following jury list names are also the
ones which often appeared in the newspaper.
Grand Jury list:
L. O. Douthitt, Upper Penasco.
J. O. Nabours, White Oaks (WO)
Wesley Field, Ruidoso.
James Franklin, Upper Penasco.
John G. Baird, Upper Penasco.
John York, White Oaks.
E. W. Pebbles, Bonito.
Harry Bosse, Lower Penasco.
C. B. Holden, Upper Penasco.
J. W. Owens, White Oaks.
Joe Fitzpatrick, White Oaks.
Jose Torres y Chaves, Nogal.
J. B. Powell, Lower Penasco.
G. T. Miller, Weed.
Octaviano Perea, Lincoln.
A.O. Lacy, White Oaks.
W. W. Corn, Bonito.
F. M. Gibbons, White Oaks.
Ed Uebrick, White Oaks.
J. W. Alexander, White Oaks.
Frank Coe, Lincoln.
Hiram Watson, Lincoln.
J. W. Hendricks, Lower Penasco.
Joe Biggs, White Oaks.
Fred A. Behringer, Weed.
Andrew Crawford, White Oaks.
W. J. Mahon, White Oaks.
Petit Jury List:
L. D. Puckett, Bonito.
G. G. Reeves, Lower Penasco.
Jose Miranda, Reventon.
Cyrus Moore, Nogal.
Frank W. Parker, White Oaks.
W. M. Hightower, Ruidoso.
J. T. Welsh, Bonito.
Rumaldo Fresques, Picacho.
S. A. Strong, Weed.
Hejiario Samora, Lincoln.
A. W. Johnson, Upper Penasco.
Juan Sanchez y Trujillo, Reventon.
W. J. Wailes, Weed.
Jno. Burk, Lower Penasco.
Jesus Ma Romero, Reventon.
J. G. Huber, Bonito.
N. Q. Patterson, Weed.
Henry Williams, White Oaks.
J. W. Thompson, Upper Penasco.
John Johnson, Lincoln.
Filomeno Griego, Lincoln.
D. W. Meadows, Upper Penasco.
Francisco Sedillo, Capitan Mountains.
R. A. Buford, Lower Penasco.
J. P. Romero, Picacho.
P. J. Snow, Weed.
Wesley Pureillo, White Oaks.
Principio Picacho, Reventon.
Joshua Hale, Ruidoso.
Trinidad Romero, Picacho.
J. F. Ramasdale, White Oaks.
J. G. Fort, Upper Penasco.
March 8, 1894:
Died: Gus Kastler, died.
Died: Augustus Kastler, age 46, Sunday, buried
March 15, 1894:
Hall of White Oaks Lodge No. 20, sympathies for
Augustus Kastler, deceased.
March 22, 1894: NVS
March 29, 1894:
School Examination Reports, students scoring 80
percent or above, all classes, many names duplicated for various
Margie McCourt, May Lee, Carrie LaLone (previously
spelled Lalone), Manda Littleton, Jas. Davis, Jodie Biggs, Harry
Gallacher, Roy Gumm, John Gallacher, Lang Keith, Margie McCourt, Helen
Allen, Lang Keith, Margie McCourt, Lang Keith, John Lane, Allioe Keith,
Helen Allen, John Gallacher, Cody Kempton, Roy Gumm, Harry Gallacher,
Geo. Queen, Jas. Davis, Medora Hurd, Coke Keith, Roy Gumm, Margie
McCourt, May Lee, John H. Lane, Robt. Lund, Jodie Biggs, Medora Hurd,
John Gallacher, Harry Gallacher, Robert Lund, Medora Hurd, John
Gallacher, Cody Kempton, Jas. Davis, Fred Blackhart, Earnst Keith, Leona
Keith, May Lee, Gusaita Kestler, Perfecto Archaleta, Benio Sandoval,
Mary McMains, Richard Hamilton, Fred Blackhart, Edw’d Queen, Roy Treat,
Robt. Presley, Adella Keith, Jose Sanchez, Duncan Fergusson, Jose
Torres, Benino Sandoval, Pearl Blackhart, Bessie Taliaferro, Jose
Torres, Edgar Strumquest (spelled three ways in the records), Edgar
Watson, Richard Hamilton, Roy Treat, John Strumquist, Leo Schwartz,
Willie Owens, Clarence Rickert, Gusita Koetler (blurred), Leo
Schwartz, Maggie Wickson, Blythe Biggs, Ed. Strumgquist(is this a
different person or a spelling mistake?), Roy Treat, Henry
Gibtens(blurry), N. Capauano, Adella Keith.
April 5, 1894: NVS
April 12, 1894:
Page four: Other. A madman poisoned several burros
and 23 dogs yesterday.
April 19, 1894: NVS
April 26, 1894.
Birth: Mrs. Charlie Anschutz, girl, Thursday.
May 3, 1894:
Died: Frank L. Hatton, Monday, paralysis, died.
May 10, 1894:
Died: George Fitzpatrick, shot, Thursday, was
abusive and drunk, died.
Died: William A. Stauffer, age 33, brain fever,
May 17, 1894:
Died: William A. Stauffer, Wednesday, died. Also,
card of thanks.
May 14, 1894:
Other: We carry a full line of rubbers for both men
and women, and they are about the proper caper these times. Caliarerro
May 31, 1894:
Married: J. H. McCutchen, Miss Mary T. Martin, May
June 7, 1894:
Married: Len Branum, Miss Nellie Henley, yesterday.
June 14, 1894:
Died: Con Gibson, shot in head, Phoenix, last
June 21, 1894:
Other. A. C. Bragg (Alfred Colum Bragg) has charge
of the TA brand of Cattle, and no one else is authorized to sell the
same brand. A. C. Bragg, June 21, 1894.
June 28, 1894:
Mrs. M. L. Heman and son Elwood arrived from
Miss Pauline Davis student at Fayette, Mo.
Mrs. J. A. McDaniel’s brother John T. McKeen killed
while crossing RR tracks in Lowell, Mass.
White Oaks pursues a telegraph line for their town.
Mexican shot in right side of head. Dr. Paden
summoned. Still alive, his brain was invaded with insects.
Married: Emmett Yates, Miss Lura (or Lara) Leslie,
July 5, 1894:
Dr. Paden removed a splinter from the brain of the
Head-shot Mexican of last week. The Mexican is getting better.
July 12, 1894: NVS
July 19, 1894:
Died: Mrs. E. S. McPherson, died.
Birth: Mrs. Frank Gibbons, boy, Saturday.
Died: John Owen’s infant, Monday, died.
Estate: Mrs. Elizabeth Fitzpatrick for George
Fitzpatrick deceased killed on May 3.
Other: Soda water on ice, a delicious drink at the
July 26, 1894: NVS
August 2, 1894: NVS
August 9, 1894:
Married: Lee E. McGehee, Miss Millicent Blackham,
August 16, 1894: NVS
August 23, 1894: NVS
August 30, 1894:
Page one: Other: Philip Schwartz and E. S.
Rosenthal arrested for stealing 18.75pound gold bar.
Died: Calvin Fisk, Monday, apoplexy, died.
September 6, 1894:
Died: James Barrett, murdered, to hang tomorrow,
September 13, 1894: NVS
September 20, 1894:
Died? J. F. Hinkle will be remembered. Died?
Died: Mrs. Mary Madden, age 70, Saturday, Texas
Park, Buried W. O.,
Birth: Mrs. Albert Ziegler, girl, Sunday.
September 27, 1894:
Married: John I. Latham, Miss Helen E. Allen,
October 4, 1894:
Died: Mr. Smith, last week, below Eddy, RR Worker
struck by lightning, died.
Died: Charles F. Hilton killed last winter, died.
October 11, 1894: NVS
Other: Some names mentioned: Col. Heman, Sol.
Wiener, Miss Vene Gunn, G. H. Dye, H. B. Fergusson, Col. A. J. Fountain,
Capt. Portman, John Ritter.
October 18, 1894:
Died: Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, last week, died.
Other: A political war raged in Lincoln between the
Populist Party, The Democrat Party and the Republican Party. No much has
changed in over a hundred years.
October 27, 1894:
Died: William M. Huff, murdered by F. R. Chisum,
knife attack, Tuesday, died.
November 1, 1894:
Married: Miss Maggie May, Fred Pfingston, in Nogal,
November 8, 1894:
Married: William Reily, Miss Nellie Gray, Oct 31.
Birth: Mrs. J. O. Nab, boy, Tuesday.
November 15, 1894:
Died: Jacob Harsh, suicide, morphine overdose,
Page two: Official vote totals in Lincoln County by
Lincoln (village), Patricio, Ruidoso, Picacho,
Tablos, Weed, White Oaks, Upper Pinasco, Reventon, Nogal, Bonito, Los
Pablos. I did not make a statistical analysis bit it appears that White
Oaks had the most voters (twelve seats were in play) followed by
Lincoln, and then Picacho and then Weed.
November 22, 1894: NVS
Page four: School, 126 students. This is down by 20
students from last report. The honor roll names did not change.
November 29, 1894: NVS
December 6, 1894:
Died: Daniel Berridge, suicide, Tuesday, died.
Died: J. H. Eaugh, Thursday, blood poisoning, died.
December 13, 1894: NVS
December 20, 1894:
Died: Mrs. S. V. Dillery’s baby, card of thanks,
Antonio Sanchez, deceased.
James Eubanks, deceased.
Alice Hickman, deceased.
John E. Wilson, deceased.
Frances York, minor.
Ed R. Bonnell, deceased.
R. C. Parsons, deceased.
Canuto Trujillo, deceased.
Margarita Galvis, deceased.
W. H. Bazel, deceased.
William Caffrey, deceased.
W. W. Fenton, deceased.
George Fitzpatrick, deceased.
Died: Mrs. S. V. Dillery’s child, Monday, died.
Died: J. S. Elston, died. (blurry)
White Oaks Graded School 137 students, 134 average
About 42 honor students listed but very blurry.
Your compiler has deciphered these new honor students to the list.
Elsie Richart ?,
W. H. Deartmore ?,
December 27, 1894:
Page one: J. D. Proudtit, suicide, blurry, died.
Married: J. J. McCourt, Miss Vena Gumm, yesterday,
End of 1894
extraction by C. W. Barnum. Copyright, all rights reserved.
Compiler’s impression of Lincoln County in 1894
based on the Old Abe Eagle stories. Wild game was abundant, namely
quail, bear, deer, duck, antelope, and fish, as were mountain lions.
Newspapers were extensions of political parties. The biggest concerns to
the upper classes were horse and cattle theft and ore theft, murder,
robberies, diseases such as grippe, brain fever (a general term for
various diseases such as Meningitis, Scarlet fever, paranoia and
hallucinations), consumption(TB), paralyses (probably meaning strokes),
blood poisoning (Not a true medical term. It referred to infections.),
diarrhea, cholera, and skin problems, mine and ranch accidents,
obtaining rail service for White Oaks, continued growth at Ft. Stanton.
Newspapers were heavily involved in promoting the area for business. The
names of children were almost never mentioned in the paper. Women were
merely extensions of their husbands—they were referred to as Mrs. John
Doe instead of Mrs. Mary Doe, etc. Women could not vote. Social bonds
were established by parties and dances at at a residence of one of the
people that mattered. These dances were also a place where young men met
young women. The area was awash in law suits over land ownership. Land
and mining fraud were rampant. Many of the upper class were wealthy. My
impression is they brought their wealth from the Eastern states.
Children were sent east for higher education. Wives often took
month-long trips to visit relatives. Life was good for the upper class
and not so much good for the peons. It must be assumed that I missed
several items because they were not easily found in the papers unless
the event involved prominent individuals. Communication with the world
was done by the “wire” i.e., telegraph. A tale-tale sign of importance
of a family was manifested in the amount of paper space given to a
marriage or death. One line given for ordinary people and a full column
for important people. Oysters were popular at dinner for the upper
As I have typed on this computer I watched a pair
of dove sitting a nest outside my window. At 10:00 AM daily the female
begins to coo. Within in two minutes the male arrives to take over. I
suspect that the chicks hatched this morning because the male is taking
a long time to settle in on the nest. He is not comfortable.
Updated: The doc said not to worry about floating
eye spots for now. Cannot be fixed unless I get younger.
- What was a “Dime Social” in White Oaks in
- What was the affliction called “paralysis”?
- Was “Oscuro” and “the Oscars Mountains”
different places in Lincoln County?
- What was the “News Depot” in White Oaks?
- What did “all the go” mean in the 1890’s.
- What was apoplexy?
I loved that man. He was a true intellectual. I believe he
obtained a degree in Philosophy from the University of NM. He had a wild
side too. One night a few of us were out drinking beer in his car near
White Oaks. Somehow the dare was made that the boys could not avoid
being run over. We scattered and Donald went after everyone in his 1956,
blue, four-door Victoria hardtop. That was a terrifying night. I’d not
trade it for the world.