Families that settled in Otero County and Lincoln County New Mexico.

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Many immigrants arrived in Philadelphia via sailing ships. From there, they took the Philadelphia wagon road south to Virginia and the Carolinas. Those going west usually passed through the Cumberland Gap into Tennessee, or traveled west through the states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. Alabama and Tennessee were important states for north and south travel and east to west travel. Our ancestors migrated on routes from Philadelphia into Texas and New Mexico.
LEVI CARTER was born in Wales in 1736. He married a lady named Susanna. Levi came to America at an early age. He had the following children: Rachael-1754; Caleb-1756 in New Jersey; Levy- 1758; John-1760; J'esse-1774 in Virginia; Joseph-1776 in North Carolina; Susanna-1780 in North Carolina; Elija-1786 in Tennessee; Nathan in 1778. Many names Levi gave to his children were passed down the generations of CARTER children for over 200 years.
CALEB CARTER was born in 1756 in New Jersey. He was in Greene County, Tennessee before 1785. Caleb and his family were pioneers and early settlers in Greene County. Caleb had a son, John, who became a doctor. John married a neighbor, Sophia Hill, whose father was Pleasant Hill.
JOHN Wesley CARTER-M.D. took his bride to Saw Dust, McNairy County, Tennessee by 1839. McNairy County at that time was covered in native cane standing twenty feet tall that stretched from horizon to horizon. They lived in the area of Purdy and Gravelhill, until the Civil War began. John reportedly moved to Missouri during the war in protest and was never heard from again. He had sons named Henry, James, and John Jr. John Jr. married Elizabeth Jane Rushing who was the daughter of Richard and Anna Rushing. John Wesley Carter, Sr. went by Wesley Carter.
RICHARD RUSHING was born in North Carolina in 1799. He was in Alabama by 1828. He moved to Tennessee before 1839. Evidence suggests North Carolina produced several RUSHING families who moved to Alabama and to Tennessee between 1820 and 1860.
John Carter and Elizabeth Rushing had eleven children in McNairy County. Richard Rushing also had eleven children. Many of those children were born and married in McNairy County. Birth and marriage records were lost in a fire that consumed the courthouse in 1860.
HENRY and JAMES CARTER moved to first to Smith County, Texas and then to Hamilton County, Texas in 1856. Their brother, John and his family followed them in 1877. Two sons of John Carter arrived in Nogal, Lincoln County New Mexico in 1900. One of those men was Jesse Oliver Carter.
JESSE OLIVER CARTER and a brother were employed as muleskinners on a small wagon train organized by Isaac Lentz from Maury County, Tennessee travelling to Tularosa, Otero County of New Mexico in 1900. Maury County is one county west of McNairy County where John and Elizabeth Carter lived from about 1840 to 1877.
Jesse Carter settled in Ancho, New Mexico with his wife Fannie Mae THOMPSON Carter from Adamsville, Lampasas County Texas. About 1920, Jesse moved from Ancho to Tuscola, Taylor County Texas. After 1925, they moved to Tularosa, Otero County New Mexico. Jesse and Fannie had a son, James Albert Carter.
JAMES ALBERT CARTER married Georgia Ethelyn Lentz 17 November 1919 in Tularosa, Otero County New Mexico. Georgia Lentz was Armenian. Her great grandfather was George Wesley Lentz. Jesse and Georgia had a girl, Opal Carter, who was born 14 January 1922 in Tularosa, New Mexico.
OPAL CARTER married William Randall Greer 4 July 1939. The parents of William were Bertha Fannie Bragg and Lester Greer. They had four children: Lewis Cornell Greer, born 20 May 1940; William Randall Greer, Jr., born 9 December 1943; Janet Ann Greer, born 5 January 1946; Everett Lee Greer, born 19 June 1951. William and Opal CARTER Greer lived in Nogal, Lincoln County, New Mexico until Opal's death 23 October 1985. William Greer was a grandson of the rugged Lincoln County mountain man, Thomas Alfred Bragg.
GEORGE WESLEY LENTZ moved from Germany to America before 1800. He settled in Bedford County, Tennessee. George had a son George Wesley Lentz, Jr. George Lentz, Jr. entered the Confederate service in 1861. He was a small man weighing one hundred pounds, and couldn't carry a rifle for more than a few minutes. His captain, G. M. V. Kinger, honorably discharged George after a few battles. George moved to Maury County, Tennessee and married Ella Calline Blocker 24 April 1874. He had a son, Isaac Webster Webb Lentz. Isaac married Anna Dora Cooper in 1899 in Maury County Tennessee.
HUGH COOPER was born in Ulster, Armagh of Northern Ireland in 1720. He came to America in 1757, and settled in South Carolina. He had numerous descendants including Samuel Henry Cooper who was born in 1854 in Lewis County, Tennessee. Samuel married Elizabeth Lackey and moved to Maury County Tennessee. Later, he moved to Crockett, Houston County Texas before 1880; thereafter, to Parker County Texas.
On 28 October 1896, several men and their families left Parker County headed for Otero County New Mexico; Albert Bruce Cooper, Samuel Cooper, Alexander Cooper, Elisha Cooper, Dinwiddy Cooper, Edward Kingsford, Jim Betts, Whit Plummer, and Harry Darrow were among them. They arrived near Tularosa, New Mexico 30 November 1896 and were met by Walter Pickard, a former Parker County, Texas resident. The Coopers headed for the San Andres Mountains to prospect for gold; then, they briefly turned to stock raising.
Anna Dora Cooper fell in love with Nathan Smith, a cowhand on the Rhodes Ranch. Late one night Samuel discovered them eloping. With whip in hand, Sam stopped them. Nathan pleaded, as tears glistened on his cheeks in the clear New Mexico night sky. Samuel sent Dora back to Maury County Tennessee to live with cousins to protect her innocence.
In Maury County Tennessee, in her exile, Anna Dora Cooper met Isaac Webster Lentz. Isaac was a small man, like most Lentz men, but he was a fist-fighter and yielded to none of Dora's many suitors. Far away from her father's influence, marriage was swift. Isaac and Anna Lentz arrived in Tularosa, Otero County New Mexico about 1900 with a small wagon train.
In 1906, our Lentz and Cooper families of Otero County headed for San Juan County, New Mexico to search for gold. By 1920, the families returned to Tularosa. Albert Bruce Cooper moved to Coleman, Coleman County Texas where he is buried.
JACOB StrALEY was born about 1730 in Germany. He married Susan Barbor and immigrated to America with his brother, John. Jacob moved to Virginia where Susan had Jacob II. Jacob 11 married Martha French who had Charles Straley. Charles married Betsey McComas who had Joseph Leland. Joseph married Sarah Clark. He moved to Travis County Texas before 1850. He lived near Pleasant Thompson and his family. They became life-long friends.
THOMAS JEFFERSON StrALEY, son of Charles, was from Adamsville, Texas and moved to Lincoln County New Mexico after 1900.
EDGAR PLEASANT THOMPSON was born in 1825 in Alabama. He moved to Travis County, Texas about 1851. Before 1860, Travis and his wife, Mary Ellen SMITH Thompson, moved to Lampasas County Texas. His friend, Joseph Straley, also made the move. The StrALEY and THOMPSON clans often traveled between Hamilton and Lampasas Counties. They became acquainted with the RICHARDSON and CARTER families. These families became related through their children's marriages.
Edgar Pleasant Thompson married Mary Ellen Smith. After arriving in Adamsville, Lampasas County Texas, his children married RICHARDSON, CARTER, McMILLIAN, DOOLEY and YORK children. Many migrated to Lincoln County New Mexico via Coleman County Texas after 1900. John Wilson Franklin Thompson lived in Ancho until his death in 1933. His daughter, Melissabelle, moved to Oscuro. The other surnames aforesaid were familiar in Lincoln County until the 1960's. Some moved to Otero County.
FRANKLIN DANIEL RICHARDSON was the son of Franklin D. Richardson and Mary H. Burkitt of Tennessee. He arrived in Hamilton County, Texas before 1850. He was born in Tennessee 24 May 1829. William Richardson, his son, and one brother moved to Lincoln County New Mexico as did several StrALEY, THOMPSON, and CARTER relatives from Hamilton and Lampasas Counties. The Ancho and Angus cemeteries of Lincoln County are the resting-places of several of these pioneers. However, many returned to their childhood homeland in Texas to live out their golden years. Submitted by Janet Greer

Descendants of Caleb Carter

Generation No. 1

1. CALEB2 CARTER (LEVI1)1 was born 1756 in Virginia or New Jersey2, and died Aft. 1840 in Monroe County, Tennessee. He married (1) PHOEBE WILLIAMS March 17, 1798 in Greenville, Greene County, Tennessee. She was born Bef. 1782, and died Bef. 1809. He married (2) RACHEL TEMPLETON3 May 18, 1809 in probably Greene County, Tennessee3.

Marriage: March 17, 1798, Greenville, Greene County, Tennessee

Marriage: May 18, 1809, probably Greene County, Tennessee3

i. NATHANIEL3 CARTER, b. Abt. 1800.

In "History of Texas . . . Central Texas," published in 1896 by The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, Nathaniel is credited as being "the author of Carter's Spelling-Book."

ii. PEGGY CARTER, b. 1805; m. JOHN FRAZIER4.
2. iii. DR. JOHN WESLEY CARTER, b. 1797, Greene County, Tennessee; d. Aft. 1864, probably Missouri.

iv. ALFRED3 CARTER, b. Abt. 1810.
v. PLEASANT CARTER, b. Abt. 1811.
vi. JASPER CARTER, b. Abt. 1812.
vii. BURTON CARTER, b. Abt. 1813.
viii. POLLY CARTER, b. Abt. 1814.
ix. SOPHIA CARTER, b. Abt. 1815.

Generation No. 2

2. DR. JOHN WESLEY3 CARTER (CALEB2, LEVI1) was born 1797 in Greene County, Tennessee, and died Aft. 1864 in probably Missouri. He married SOPHIA HILL August 15, 1820 in Monroe County, Tennessee, daughter of PLEASANT HILL and MRS. HILL. She was born 1802 in North Carolina, and died 1858 in McNairy, Tennessee.

John Wesley was known by his middle name, and was a physician.
In a biographical sketch of his son, Henry Jones Carter, the following is written about John Wesley Carter:

"He (referring to Henry) was born in Monroe County, east Tennessee . . . but in 1839 was taken by his parents, Wesley and Sophia (Hill) Carter, to McNairy County, in the western part of the state. The father's birth (meaning Wesley's) occurred in Virginia in 1800, and in Green County, Tennessee, he married Miss Hill, who was born in North Carolina, in 1802. They became the parents of eight children: Renie, Phoebe Jane, Henry J., James A., Drusilla, Lucinda, John W. and Margaret. The mother (Wesley's wife Sophia Hill Carter) died in 1858, and during the civil war the father went to Missouri, since which time nothing has been heard of him. His father (meaning Wesley's father), Caleb Carter, was also a native of Old Dominion (a nickname for the state of Virginia) . . ."

note from Kathy Beaudry:
The above "sketch" of Henry Jones Carter says that Wesley Carter was born in 1800 in Virginia, yet in another "sketch," of John W. Carter, Jr., Wesley is said to have been "born in Tennessee in 1797, and was a doctor by profession . . . They were married in Greene County, Tennessee, and the following children were born to them: Jane, Sarah, Phoebe, Henry J., James A., Druscilla, Joseph, Lucinda, John W., and Margaret . . ."

Marriage: August 15, 1820, Monroe County, Tennessee

Children of JOHN CARTER and SOPHIA HILL are:
i. DRUSILLA4 CARTER, b. Abt. 1822.
ii. JOSEPH A. CARTER, b. Abt. 1823.
iii. PHOEBE JANE CARTER, b. January 20, 1825.
3. iv. HENRY JONES CARTER, b. September 04, 1826, Monroe County, Tennessee; d. September 06, 1906, Hamilton County, Texas.
4. v. JAMES ATCHLEY CARTER, b. September 17, 1828.
vi. LUCINDA CARTER, b. 1829.
vii. SARAH S. CARTER, b. Abt. 1830.
5. viii. JOHN WESLEY CARTER, JR., b. January 29, 1835, Monroe County, Tennessee; d. October 30, 1882, Hamilton County, Texas.
ix. RENIE CARTER, b. Abt. 1837.
x. MARGARET CARTER, b. 1840.
xi. DRUCILLA CARTER, b. Abt. 1842.

Generation No. 3

3. HENRY JONES4 CARTER (JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1)5,6 was born September 04, 1826 in Monroe County, Tennessee, and died September 06, 1906 in Hamilton County, Texas. He married MARY CAROLINE PRESTON7 May 14, 1848 in McNairy County, Tennessee8, daughter of JOHN PRESTON and ELIZABETH RUNNELS. She was born June 11, 1830 in Tennessee, and died October 24, 1917 in Perryton, Ochiltree County, Texas9,10.

from: freepages.genealogy.rootsweb/com~gazeteer2000/b/bl_ridge/blu_sch.htm


In 1878 a group of Blue Ridge citizens met at the home of Marion Andrew Whittenton to organize a school community. This meeting was attended by Henry Jones Cater, J.F. Bullard, George Knoll, Robert Richey, Thomas Wesley, Russell Ficus, Levi Angel, James Monroe Chamblisss, Able Koen, and John Hannah Brown.
Funds were raised to build a school house. It was decided at this meeting to name the new school Blue Ridge and John Hannah Brown offered a lot for the school. John Brown's offer was rejected because it did not have a water source. Henry Jones Carter gave a lot where a well could be dug. Lumber was hauled from Waco in 1878 and the one-room building was erected by volunteers during the summer of 1879.
Levi Angel was employed on 26 September, 1879, as the first teacher when Henry Jones Carter, M.A. Whittington, and J.F. Bullard were trustees. Among the first students to attend this school were Silas Allen, Mrs. Ambler Willis, and Mrs. J.G. Northcutt. At one time the Blue Ridge School had over one hundred pupils with only one teacher. Some older students assisted the teacher by "hearing the lessons" of younger students. Other early teachers included Capt. Alfred Hayne Watson, a Mr. Thomas, R.P. Edgar, Joseph Hardy "Joe" Dixon, T.A. Putnam, H.A. Allen, T. B. Cooper and Miss Lizzie Patterson. Una Toland Brown taught school at Blue Ridge for two years before she attended college in Denton and before she married Vance Brown.
Later teachers included Martha Kirkland "Mattie" Boyd (who later became Mrs. John Milner), Herman and Sammie Gault Walton, William Jennings Harris, Dessie Baize Griggs, a Miss Patterson, A Mrs. Anderson, Wilma Faye Henderson (who later married Newton Parrish), Leone Riley (who later married Joe Poston), Pearl Moore, Mrs. Geneva Sills Allen, and Len Dalton. Kathryn Baker was principal at Blue Ridge during World War 1."

from: "History of Texas . . . Central Texas," Published in 1896 by The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago. This was sent to me (Kathy Beaudry) by Carolyn Carter Schiewe, in July, 2002, and is a verbatim account of the biographical sketch, with some clarifications in parentheses added by me.

"Henry Jones Carter, a pioneer of Texas, is one of the largest landowners of Hamilton county, where he is actively and prosperously engaged in agricultural pursuits. The flourishing condition of this county, with its splendid farms, many comfortable dwellings, fine churches and substantial school buildings, is a monument to the perseverance and labors of the brave men who, like our subject, patiently endured the trials of a pioneer life that they might develop the wonderful and varied resources of this region, and make for themselves and their children a pleasant home in this fruitful and goodly land.
"He was born in Monroe county, east Tennessee, September 4, 1826, but in 1839 was taken by his parents, Wesley and Sophia (Hill) Carter, to McNairy County, in the western part of the state. The father's birth occurred in Virginia in 1800, and in Greene County, Tennessee, he married Miss Hill, who was born in North Carolina, in 1802. They became the parents of eight children: Renie, Phoebe Jane, Henry J., James A., Drusilla, Lucinda, John W. and Margaret. The mother died in 1858, and during the civil war the father went to Missouri, since which time nothing has been heard of him. His father (meaning Wesley Carter's father), Caleb Carter, was also a native of the Old Dominion (a nickname for the state of Virginia), and married Miss Williams, by whom he had three children: Wesley; Nathaniel, the author of Carter's spelling-book; and Mrs. John Frazier. For his second wife the grandfather wedded Miss Templeton, and to them were born several children. Pleasant Hill, the maternal grandfather of our subject, married Sally Riptoe, and they had a number of children, among whom were Alfred, Pleasant, Jasper, Burton, Polly and Sophia.
"On reaching man's estate, Henry J. Carter was married, May 14, 1848, the lady of his choice being Miss Mary Caroline Preston, who was born in Tennessee, in June, 1830, and is the daughter of Jack Preston. Eleven children blessed this union: James Wesley, John Quincy, Joseph Henry, Sarah Jane, Mary Gussie (born Mary Augusta), Frances Harriet, deceased, George Raymond, Alexander Lee, deceased, Francis Marion, deceased, Alfred Lafayette and David Mitchell.
"With his wife, Mr. Carter left Tennessee, March, 1849, for Texas, going by water to New Orleans, then up the Red river, landing at Shreveport, Louisiana, thence by land to Harrison County, Texas, thence they went to Smith county, where he rented land until 1856. On the 15th of September of that year he became the first settler on Cowhouse creek, in what is now Hamilton County, their nearest neighbor being his brother, James A., who lived seven miles distant, at what is now Evant. At about twelve miles distant resided James Rice and Henry C. Standefer, the first settlers on Leon river in Hamilton County, who were considered neighbors. For sixteen year (for which he received nothing but two percussion caps), Mr. Carter engaged in skirmishes with the Indians, being in the fight at Dove creek, where twenty-seven white men were killed and seventeen wounded. This campaign was one of the most severe and last for thirty days, during which time men not used to cold weather spent a large portion of the time wading in snow several feet deep. The settlers were also reduced to dire extremities for want of food during this service.
"On the Cowhouse, Mr. Carter preempted one hundred and sixty acres of land in 1873, and during those trying early days lost $500 in the cattle business, which proved a sad misfortune at that time. However, to-day his is the owner of thirty-four hundred acres in Hamilton county, five hundred of which are under a high state of cultivation and well improved, his property being valued at one hundred thousand dollars (in 1896), all accumulated through his own individual efforts. He comes of a most highly respected family, and he is a credit to the worthy family name he bears. That he has made his career a grand success is due to his untiring energy, affability, integrity and judicious conduct as a business man. He always supported the Democratic party until lately, now voting independently of party ties. In religious relations he is a member of the Christian church."

From an unnamed newspaper story on the history of Texas, this article was sent to me (Kathy Beaudry) in July, 2002, by Carolyn Carter Schiewe:

by Dona Kauitzsch

"From the very earliest settlers the people never forgot or neglected the religious side of their lives.
"The Carters, who first settled in this section, were devout members of the 'Christian Church.' Whenever it was possible they had a minister to come and hold a meeting.
"When the Methodists, Baptists, and Primitive Baptists moved in, they all attended one another's services. Every preacher was welcome to preach in any frontier school house, there were no rural churches in those days of Hamilton County.
"This story, told by Mrs. Emma Arnett of Hamilton, happened almost 80 years ago.
"Her great uncle, Henry Carter, lived on and owned the Stribling place. He had not yet built the large house but he was still living in in a large log cabin. The Blue Ridge school house had been built, and the minister had come to hold a meeting. He insisted that they observe Christmas with a Christmas Tree at the school house. They were to get someone to explain to the crowd just what Christmas really meant and how they should observe it. The Christmas tree was decided, then came the question, "Who on earth could make that talk?" It was finally decided to ask Mr. Carter's nephew, William Ballard, who lived just across the Cowhouse from the Carter Mill. Ballard was a Methodist and he could pray the best prayers, and make the best talks in the county. Ballard accepted the responsibility. He and his family went in a wagon to the Carter home early Christmas eve morning, as they had asked his wife, Annie, to help with the tree decorating.
"The eldest Ballard child (Mrs. Arnett) was quite a small girl. She was frightened when they were greeted by Carter's seven sons. She had never seen so many big, tall boys together and she was afraid.
"They boys sat on seats that had been made by sawing curved logs into lengths - that were set on uprights - the proper heights. Little Emma would have nothing to do with the boys, no matter how hard they coaxed. Until something very interesting happened. They brought in a wash tub and some pop corn. With a covered, long handled, iron skillet they began popping corn over the fire in the open fire place. They never stopped until they had the big 'wash-tub' heaping full, only then would Emma 'make friends' with her mother's cousins.
"Soon women and their children came to the Carter place. They had their precious needles, thimbles, and many long threads that they had spun very fine, and twisted tightly for strength. The group began stringing pop-corn, yards and yards of it, they took a bag of blueing (used in laundering) and made a pan of strong solution of it, this they dipped a part of their corn string into and they came out a beautiful light blue. Then they decided that they must have some aniline to make red dye (exactly what they needed). Annie Ballard had some, that her father had brought her from Galveston; but it was 12 miles away. The men had gone to "the breaks" for a tree. Must they send a boy that far alone? What if the Indians should come? What if his horse stumbled and left him helpless with a broken leg?
"No, this they would do, pioneer style "the best they could, with what they had."
"That night when they went to the school house, never had the children seen anything so beautiful. The large cedar tree reached from floor to ceiling. It was draped with blue and white ropes of pop corn.
"The present were not wrapped, but were stacked at the foot of the tree and hung all over it, unwrapped, by hand spun threads. There were rag dolls and other stuffed toys; guns and pistols that had been whittled from lumber, dresses, shirts, shoes, stockings, and many other handmade things. Each child got a bag of nuts (from the river) and home made candy. The seven Carter boys got a beautiful 'jackknife apiece." These had been brought from Galveston the autumn before and they had been hidden in an iron pot that had been buried under the dirt floor of the cabins. Wax candles, home molded, had been placed in a circle around the tree and grease lamps and lanterns hung on the wall behind it. Every thing was very beautiful.
After "Cousin William" had told them the lovely story about the Christ child, the older ones bowed for prayers. (Not the youngsters, they could not take their eyes off of the glamourous tree.)
"Soon the little girls were mothering a rag doll and little boys were aiming wooden guns.
"How would the children of this generation like toys like that for Christmas. They would be insulted, of course."[charles.FTW]


Joseph Henry Carter arrived with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Henry
Jones Carter, in Hamilton County from Tennessee on 15 September,
1856, and became the first settlers on the Cowhouse Creek. Indian
raids caused Mr. Carter to leave his family in the new town of
Hamilton, while he and the older boys lived in a log cabin at Blue
Ridge. With oxen they sodded the largest farm in Hamilton County
because Mr. Carter had acquired more than a league of land. A double
log house was built and as soon as conditions were deemed safe all
of the family moved to the farm, and helped to organize and to built
the Blue Ridge School. In 1872 Henry Carter built a large two-story
house at Blue Ridge, hauling lumber from Waco on ox-drawn wagons. In
October, 1907, this house was sold to Thomas Edwin Stribling and his
wife Martha Mariah "Mattie" Kirkland Stribling. This house, which
burned in 1977, was later known as the Jack Stribling house. I
retrieved from the ashes some of the square nails which held this
house together.

In the mid 1870's many early settlers built small houses on public
school land at Blue Ridge with the hope that land would be placed on
the market at affordable prices. In 1876 public school land at Blue
Ridge was sold at prices from 25 cents to $2.50 an acre.
Other pioneers began settling at Blue Ridge in the 1870's. Marion
Andrew Whittenton and his wife Mary Elizabeth Bullard Whittenton
arrived at Blue Ridge on December 23, 1871, and camped by a spring
and lived in their covered wagon and a dugout until a house could be
built. In 1876 Marion Andrew Whittenton donated land to establish a
public cemetery--the Whittenton Cemetery at Blue Ridge. Mr.
Whittenton made splints, set bones and made caskets for neighbors.
Mr. Whittenton helped establish the first school at Blue Ridge and
was one of the first trustees. Mrs. Whittenton’s sister, Miralda and
her husband Tom Wesley arrived at Blue Ridge shortly after the

George Knoll met Nancy Ann Ruth Koen at a singing in the home of a
friend at Blue Ridge and they were married 21 December, 1876. George
Knoll helped establish schools, churches, and post offices at both
Blue Ridge and Aleman where they later lived. The Koens came to
Hamilton County in 1876 with their sister Ozilee Pierson and family.
On July 20, 1880, A. P. Koen married Eunice Ann West
and Lizzie Bullard came to Blue Ridge from Brundedge, AL. They were
joined in 1877 by William Hilliard Bullard and his mother Amanda M.
Spence (Bullard) Davis and younger siblings Sara "Babe" and Alfred
Davis. The trip from AL to Waco was by train. From Waco to Blue
Ridge two longhorn steers pulled their wagon over snow-covered
trails. William Hilliard Bullard returned to AL for his wife, Cora
Allen Bullard, and their baby son John

James Lemuel Grisham, Sr. with his wife Margaret Amanda (Jones)
Grisham arrived at Blue Ridge from Fannin County, TX before July,
1880, with four young children--William Richard, James Lemuel "Lem"
Jr., Ida Rose Anna, and Charles Ephraim. James Lemuel and Margaret
Amanda Grisham were charter members of the Blue Ridge Baptist Church
of Christ. For many years they made semi-annual trade trips to
Lampasas in their ox drawn wagon to buy staples. The trip took days
of travel each way.

William Henry Jarius "Billy" Fergusson and his wife, Sarah Alexander
"Sallie" (Adcock) Fergusson moved from Bell County, TX, to a
Cowhouse farm of John Dillard Hunt in 1890 with their
children--Robert Jeff, Charles Johnson, Callie Mae, Luther Guy and
Maggie Roberta.

In October, 1907, Thomas Edwin Stribling purchased the Henry Jones
Carter farm and two-story house. He and his family arrived in
Hamilton County from Coryell County, TX on 31 October and 1
November, 1907. His family included his wife, Martha Mariah "Mattie"
(Kirkland) Stribling and their children, Anna Jane Stribling, Amanda
Elizabeth "Mandy" (Stribling) Crain, William Joseph "Joe", John
Thaddeus "Jack", Neil Augustus, and Eugene Perry "Pet." Also moving
were Mandy’s husband, James Wesley "Jim" Crain and their children--
James Edwin, Robert Verne, Ruby Pearl, and Lura Bernice; and Joe’s
wife, Lillian "Lilly" Dooley Stribling and their children--Willie
Eunice, Jessie Laura, and Thomas Edgar.

In 1928 Verge (Claudie Virgus) Grisham built a store/filling station
with an attached rock ice house. A feed mill was added. The
store/filling station which had attached living quarters was later
operated by Elmo and Mildred (Williams) Newsom, Bill and Lorene
(Williams) Jones, and Elzie and Mildred (Raibourn) Kemp. The REA
brought electricity to Blue Ridge in 1939.

Burial: Graves-Gentry Cemetery, Hamilton County, Texas

The 1910 census for Ochiltree County, Texas lists Mary as living with her son Fayette Carter and his family, in which place she was still living at the time of her death. She had divorced her husband, Henry Jones Carter, in 1896.

from "The Hamilton Herald-News, The Hamilton Rustler," Hamilton, Texas:


Pioneer Woman of Hamilton County Dies in Ochiltree Brought Back to Old Home For Burial.

Mrs. Mary C. Carter died at the home of her son, Fayette Carter in Ochiltree County, last Wednesday, October 24, at 3:30 o'clock in the afternoon. She had been ill only a short time, just a gentle going to sleep because the night time of life had come, and she was weary with its problems, its sorrows and even its joys. The shadows had grown long, the Beacon Light on the other shore sent out its rays to brighten the track of the waters for the one whose eyes had grown dim to the things that lay along the pathway here, and she laid down the burden of her years and passed over.
Deceased was born in Tennessee in the year of 1830, being at her death 87 years of age. She was married in Tennessee to H. J. Carter in 1848. Together they came to Texas in 1849, settling in Smith County. In 1854 they moved to Hamilton County, settling in the fertile valley of the Cowhouse, the estate becoming baronial in extent and wealth. To their union was born eleven children, eight sons and three daughters, only one of whom, Mrs. Gussie Livingston of the Farnash community resides in this county. She made her home with her son, Fayette Carter who with his family and his mother moved to Ochiltree county in 1912. Thus it was for more than half century she lived in Hamilton county, in the early days battling with and subduing hardships and trials of Pioneer life, a life which robbed womanhood of that protection and tender care which the chivalry of more advanced civilization accords it, yet she was a woman pure and true, a Christian, and exemplary in every relation of life.
By her request the body accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Fayette Carter, was brought back to the old family home where a granddaughter of Mrs. Carter, Mrs. Stribling, resides. From there the funeral cortege came to Hamilton Sunday afternoon, burial taking place in the old Hamilton cemetery at 3:30 o'clock. Rev. J. Hall Bowman, pastor of the Methodist church conducting the funeral service. Mrs. Carter had been a consistent member of the Methodist church since a young girl.
Many friends in Hamilton as well as from over the county were gathered at the grave to pay a last tribute of love and respect to this "Mother in Israel" who had gone to her reward. The sympathy of all goes out to the griefstricken loved ones, but they seek not in vain for comfort, for every promise of the scriptures in vouchsafed to them for consolation.
"There's no regret or worry where she is,
No look back, no pain no grief to bear;
No farewell kisses, no last touch of bliss.
No loneliness, no missing, not a tear."

This obituary appeared in the newspaper on November 1, 1917; date of death was October 24, 1917.

Burial: October 28, 1917, Old Hamilton Cemetery, Hamilton, Texas11

Divorce: May 1896, Hamilton County, Texas
Marriage: May 14, 1848, McNairy County, Tennessee12

Children of HENRY CARTER and MARY PRESTON are:
6. i. JAMES WESLEY5 CARTER, b. April 22, 1850, Smith County, Texas; d. March 10, 1912, Hamlin, Jones County, Texas.
7. ii. JOHN QUINCY CARTER, b. July 11, 1851, Smith County, Texas; d. February 18, 1934, Tulare County, California.
iii. SARAH JANE CARTER13, b. July 20, 1854, Smith County, Texas.
iv. JOSEPH HENRY CARTER13, b. February 18, 1855, Smith County, Texas.
8. v. MARY AUGUSTA CARTER, b. February 15, 1856, Smith County, Texas; d. February 08, 1933, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas.
vi. FRANCES HARRIET CARTER13, b. December 14, 1858.

In the 1870 census for Hamilton County, Texas, Frances is listed as "Fanny."

vii. GEORGE RAYMOND CARTER13, b. July 16, 1860.
viii. ALEXANDER LEE CARTER13, b. October 31, 1862.

In the 1870 census for Hamilton County, Texas, Alexander is listed as "Lee."

ix. FRANCES MARION CARTER13, b. August 09, 1865.
9. x. ALFRED LAFAYETTE "FAYETTE" CARTER, b. November 02, 1867, Live Oak, Hamilton County, Texas; d. March 1932, Lampasas County, Texas.
xi. DAVID MITCHELL CARTER14, b. May 10, 1869.

4. JAMES ATCHLEY4 CARTER (JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1) was born September 17, 1828. He married (1) MARY BEAUCHAMP Bef. 1861 in Texas.

from "Memorial and Biographical History of McLennan, Falls, Bell and Coryell Counties, Texas," published in Chicago by The Lewis Publishing Company

"James A. Carter, one of the original settlers of Langford's cove, Coryell County, Texas, emigrated to this county in November, 1854. He first stopped at Wolf's ranch, where he remained ten months. Desiring a move favorable location, he entered the Cove, being the first white man here for settlement, and he took two pre-emptions. He brought with him a large drove of cattle, the property of John Williams, of Bell County. In running cattle over the broad prairies, he discovered a more suitable locality for agricultural purposes when the range should be exhausted and the grazing industry abandoned. This favored spot is located on Cowhouse Cree, now Hamilton county. He accordingly changed his quarters about two years after his advent to the Cove."

Marriage: Bef. 1861, Texas

10. i. CHARILDA CALEDONIA5 CARTER, b. November 10, 1861.

5. JOHN WESLEY4 CARTER, JR. (JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1) was born January 29, 1835 in Monroe County, Tennessee, and died October 30, 1882 in Hamilton County, Texas. He married (2) ELIZABETH JANE RUSHING Abt. 1855 in McNairy County, Tennessee. She was born February 01, 1832 in Alabama, and died June 19, 1924 in Hamilton County, Texas.

from "Biographical Sketch of the John W. Carter Family," by Naomi Langford Wittenburg, a great-granddaughter of John W. Carter, and
"A History of Hamilton County, Texas," Published 1979, p. 131

"John and his family arrived in Texas in 1877 from Collins County, Tennessee . . . Nine children were born to them: Jack, Sally, Bell, Jesse, Fannie, John Riley, Mary and Mimmie."

Burial: Murphee Cemetery, Hamilton, Texas

Marriage: Abt. 1855, McNairy County, Tennessee

i. JAMES A.5 CARTER, b. July 01, 1856, McNairy, Tennessee.
ii. ISAAC H. CARTER, b. November 25, 1857, McNairy, Tennessee; d. September 25, 1859, McNairy, Tennessee.
iii. JOHN RILEY CARTER, b. May 20, 1859, McNairy, Tennessee; d. Abt. 1945, Hamilton County, Texas.

Burial: Center City Cemetery

iv. ANDREW JACKSON CARTER, b. September 05, 1862.
v. SARAH ANN CARTER, b. May 06, 1864.
vi. MISSOURI ISABELL CARTER, b. January 30, 1866, McNairy, Tennessee; d. June 1920, Texas.
vii. JESSE OLIVER CARTER, b. July 09, 1867, McNairy, Tennessee; d. June 10, 1956, Alamagordo, Otero County, New Mexico.
viii. GEORGE W.. CARTER, b. March 29, 1869.
ix. FANNIE IDA CARTER, b. 1870.
11. x. MARY ELIZABETH CARTER, b. September 11, 1872, McNairy, Tennessee; d. August 11, 1928, Texas.
xi. MINNIE LEE CARTER, b. April 10, 1874, McNairy, Tennessee.

Generation No. 4

6. JAMES WESLEY5 CARTER (HENRY JONES4, JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1)15,16 was born April 22, 1850 in Smith County, Texas17, and died March 10, 1912 in Hamlin, Jones County, Texas18. He married (1) SAMANTHA JOSEPHINE KUYKENDALL19 September 16, 1874 in Hamilton County, Texas19. He married (2) EVELINE JACKSON19 Abt. 190319.


From The Hamilton Record and Rustler, dated March 14, 1912.

"Committed Suicide"

James W. Carter, Former Hamilton Citizen Commits
Suicide by Taking Strychnine---

"Sheriff Ed Beck was apprised by phone message from Hamlin last Sunday of
the death by suicide of James W. Carter of that city at about 10:30 o'clock that morning.
Until a few years ago Mr. Carter was a citizen of Hamilton County and is survived by a
brother, A. L. Carter, of Blue Ridge, and a son, David Carter, of Evant, and two daughters,
Mesdames Lady Hastings and May Jones, also of Evant in this county. Relatives were
informed of the deplorable affair and David Carter left on the afternoon train to attend the
funeral. We have been unable to obtain particulars as to the cause of his committing the rash act. "

Marriage: September 16, 1874, Hamilton County, Texas19

Marriage: Abt. 190319

i. DAVID HENRY6 CARTER, b. January 07, 1878, Blue Ridge, Hamilton County, Texas; d. December 30, 1957, Gatesville, Coryell County, Texas.
ii. LADY CARTER, b. December 06, 1880, Hamilton County, Texas; m. W.D.. HASTINGS, January 02, 1898.

Notes for LADY CARTER:
Marriage ended in divorce, according to research of Carolyn Carter Schiewe, and records are probably in Abilene, Texas.

Marriage: January 02, 1898

iii. MAYE CARTER, b. November 07, 1884, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas; d. October 05, 1972, Stamford, Jones County, Texas.

7. JOHN QUINCY5 CARTER (HENRY JONES4, JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1)20,21,22,22 was born July 11, 1851 in Smith County, Texas23,23,23, and died February 18, 1934 in Tulare County, California24. He married ELIZABETH BLANSIT25,26 Abt. 1872 in Hamilton County, Texas, daughter of JOHN BLANSIT and ELEANOR WHITE. She was born September 1856 in Alabama, and died November 08, 1931 in Tulare County, California.

In the 1880 census for Hamilton County Texas, John's occupation is listed as farmer, with his parents both born in Tennessee. At that time he was living with his wife Elisabeth and 5 children. In the 1900 census, John is shown living in Foard County, Texas with his wife "Lizzie" and 9 children, the youngest of whom is Grace, the grandmother of Kathy Beaudry. According to that record, Elizabeth had 16 children, with 13 still living. In the 1910 census, John and his wife are listed as having 10 children, with 9 still living, and Elizabeth is said to have been born in Texas, which is incorrect. I would guess that one of the children gave the information to the census taker. In the 1920 census, he was living in Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona with his wife Elizabeth, daughter Grace Downey, and grand-daughter Evelyn Downey.
After I found the information about John's death on-line from a site that lists the records of burials in the Visalia Cemetery, I visited the cemetery and took pictures. Neither John nor his wife have headstones, just a concrete "button" in the ground to mark the plot number.

Burial: February 20, 1934, Visalia Cemetery, Visalia, Tulare County, California27,27,27

In the 1900 census for Foard County, TX, Elisabeth is listed as having 16 children with 13 of them still living. In the 1900 census, Elisabeth is called "Lizzie;" in the 1880 and 1920 census she is called Elisabeth; she is buried under the name of "Betty Carter." To date, I have been unable to find them in the 1930 census for California.
Elizabeth is the daughter of John Chambers Blanchet/Blansit and is the sister of Maude Blansit. Maude married Alfred Lafayette "Fayette" Carter, the brother of John Quincy Carter.
In 2000 and 2002, Kathy McNeil Beaudry visited Visalia Cemetery, where Elizabeth and John are buried. Sad to say, they have no headstones, only a concrete "button" to mark their graves. The plots were paid for by their oldest son, James A. Carter.

Burial: November 10, 1931, Visalia Cemetery, Visalia, Tulare County, California28

Marriage: Abt. 1872, Hamilton County, Texas

i. JAMES ALEXANDER6 CARTER29,29,29, b. June 12, 1873, Hamilton County, Texas30,30,30; d. November 23, 1946, Tulare County, California31,31,31.

I got the info about John's date of death from the California Death Index, at In his parents' obituaries, John is called "J.A." and is said to have been living in Visalia, California as early as 1931 and as late as his father's death in 1934, but I have yet to find a record of him in the 1930 census records for California.

ii. LAURA ISABELLE CARTER32,32, b. August 26, 1874, Hamilton County, Texas; d. August 26, 1964, Tucumcari, Quay County, New Mexico; m. JAMES WALTER MONCUS, July 16, 1900, Crowell, Texas; b. February 22, 1875, Talledega County, Alabama; d. May 26, 1955, Tucumcari, Quay County, New Mexico.

from: the Albuquerque Journal, Sunday September 19, 1999

by Fritz Thompson

"In the summer of 1902, wanderlust seized J. Walter Moncus and wouldn't let go. He loaded his wife, Laura Isabel Carter Moncus, and their infant son, Herman, into a couple of covered wagons and headed northwest from south Texas, planning to wind up in Arizona. He hoped to homestead, do a little dry-land farming, raise some livestock, get a flock of chickens, maybe open a general store somewhere near present-day Phoenix.
" 'My grandmother didn't want to go,' says Lynn Moncus, who has a hefty and now-typewritten manuscript that Isabel left in longhand as legacy to the family's sojourn into the Southwest. 'She wasn't interested in moving out here at all. She thought she'd be leaving civilization behind.'
"Walter Moncus had no such misgivings, but a chance meeting along the way changed his mind about going as far as Arizona.
"The Moncus family stopped, stayed and left its mark instead upon New Mexico.
"From the rugged Moncus Canyon in a crease of the Caprock to the Quay County sheriff's office in Tucumcari, the sons and daughters of Walter and Isabel found wind and dust and difficulty, wresting life from the uncompromising soil and from the endemic grama grass in northeastern New Mexico. Along the way, Walter and later his son Claude pinned on a badge and kept law and order in a territory that was known to harbor bad men and their moveable feuds, particularly those from Texas.
"All the while, pioneers like the Moncus family straggled into the country, rolling their creaky wagons onto the vast, flat landform called the Caprock.

"Walter and Claude would establish a cattle ranch here, and they would learn in the meantime -- like so many others -- that dryland farming in an extended drought on the plains of eastern New Mexico could be disaster.
"It was here too that Isabel Moncus confronted and death with a racial prejudice she had held all her life, later to wonder at Texas history books and her own failure to recognize the slanted way she had conducted herself until then.
"By trying hard to make a living, the Moncus family eventually covered all the occupations important in those early days. They ranched right on through the Dust Bowl; father and son in different generations served as county sheriff; they ran a rural general store; and they birthed children and fixed broken bones -- the latter because Isabel Moncus brought with her a medical tome -- 'she had the book!' -- and it gave instructions on treating all manner of injuries and ailments.
"Granddaughter Mary Lynn Moncus (many of the Moncuses went by their middle name), now 64, is a retired professor of Southwestern literature and folklore at New Mexico State University. She remembers a childhood spent in her parents' then-dirt-floor, tin-roof house with no running water and a grandmother, on her father's side, who was her best friend.
" 'When they came here, the didn't even know what kind of wild critters to expect in this new countryside,' she says. 'But they brought 21 head of cattle with them, they were tough and exceedingly resourceful and they survived.'
"No such confidence flows from her grandmother's account, which she proclaimed as fiction but which Lynn Moncus says is in fact biographical. And how her grandmother lamented leaving the area around Hamilton County, Texas:
(from Isabell's manuscript:
'I loved that home; I could see possibilities of our acquiring adjoining farms and becoming wealthy farmers and stock raisers. I didn't want to sell our home . . . and go West! Of all places. I didn't want to go . . .
'For the first few days, we traveled slowly. The cattle had wintered hard and were thin. They could travel only a few miles a day.
'How hard and dreadfully lonely and dreary it could be . . ."
"As they made their way West, the little Moncus family (Isabel's brother Claude Carter drove one of the wagons) would stop at fledgling farms of acquaintances who had proceeded them but had not ventured farther.
" ' Every time grandpa stopped, my grandmother hoped, 'Maybe we'll stay here'," Lynn Moncus says. 'They'd do some canning, and my grandmother would make cuttings of fruit trees to plant an orchard. And then grandpa would decide it was time to move on . . .'
"Isabel Moncus thought Plainview, Texas, was civilized, but by the time they reached the aptly named Stinking Springs in eastern New Mexico, she knew for sure it was the end of niceties.
"Isabel Moncus may have been tougher than she thought. Lynn Moncus says some of her grandmother's contemporaries were actually driven made by the stark loneliness and the incessant wind that swept over the empty prairie.
"The men could get on a horse and ride away, but the women didn't have a chance; they had to stay there, often alone in a dugout with no one to talk to and every day was like the day before, only worse.
"But her grandmother's adjustment to life in the New Mexico Territory was not itself without a hint of despair from the jolting journey of the wagon.
" 'In a few miles, we went off into such a depression or basin several miles in extent . . . such as sometimes occurs on the plains. 'This,' I thought, 'is like the true deserts I've read and heard of, and dreaded as much all along . . .' Not a sprig of grass, nothing but greasewood, sand and gravel . . . but plenty of that.
"Walter changed his mind about where he was going not long after arriving in New Mexico Territory. Someone rode into their trailside camp and told them about good ranchland between Fort Sumner and Tucumcari near the southern escarpment of the Caprock.
"Walter Moncus decided to look into the report and he rode to Tucumcari, which was then little more than a tent city. People there had some encouraging words but warned him to stay off the fenced property of the big Horseshoe Ranch, which frowned on homesteaders, who they equated with squatters. It was here that Isabel Moncus was introduced to the kind of country she was in. Already, she had recognized -- almost without realizing it -- the importance of water in the part of the plains.
" 'We drove across the basin the basin, not so far as it seemed, and came to a big cattle outfit that had various wells in different parts of their range; but this was the first ones we'd struck, and we stayed there a couple of hours while the cattle drank and rested. They were almost fagged out. Some wouldn't have gone another mile, only that they sensed they were nearing water, and we ate our lunch while resting.'

"Lynn Moncus has nothing but pleasant memories of her life in the company of pioneers, and the hardships that her grandparents and parents had endured were for her the stuff of adventure in the Caprock country -- even when she had to make the torturous trip to the spring to fetch a pail of water.
"Her assessment of her grandparents' character revolves mostly around her grandmother Isabel. But grandfather Walter evidently made quite an impression; he was a forceful and opinionated man, she says, and she could always calculate his mood by the way he set his hat.
" 'Grandpa was good to me,' she says. 'But grandpa tended to raise his voice a little bit. He maybe liked to talk big . . . He had a high school education, which was unusual in that time. He like to talk politics and religion. He had a particular interpretation of the Bible, and if you didn't agree, it was bad news. He was a real table-pounder. When I was little, I used to think, 'Boy, I'll be glad when I get old enough to leave the table quick.'
"By contrast, her grandmother 'lived her religion; she was a front-row Baptist.
"Despite their different personalities, Lynn says, her grandparents came to be held in high respect by people in the Caprock county.

"Right after their arrival, Walter and Isabel felt fortunate to find a live spring in a place called CHARCO CANYON. They staked a claim and, in time, the place became known as Moncus Canyon. It was further fortunate that it was outside, if barely, the boundaries of the Horseshoe Ranch.
"Isabel tells about finding the place:
" ' (Walter) gave a loud whoop. He was babbling and almost raving in his delight. I'd never seen him so excited about anything and I wondered if he'd lost his mind. Then he stopped the team and finally gave me a chance to answer him. *Old lady, just what do you think of this?* *It's perfect,* I said. *And house or no house, it just seems like home to me . . . But when we do get a house, can you imagine anything nicer than our home on the range will be in this very location?*
"The first house was no fancy affair. It was built of closely set vertical posts, chinked with mud. It was followed by a large frame house with a shingle roof and a porch on three sides, built on the open top of Caprock, Lynn Moncus says, where it could be struck by lightning and blasted by the wind.
"Young Herman soon was joined by a sister, Ima, and then twins, Claude and Maude, and twins again, Ray and May.
"For a while, Walter and Isabel Moncus were the first and only homesteaders in the area. But other came. Walter and his brother Burnace erected a shack and opened the Moncus Brothers General Store. A blacksmith set up shop nearby, and soon there became a need for a post office, which was established in 1908 with the postmark of Ima.
"Walter later built an adobe house with a shingle roof down in the canyon, and son Claude and his wife Sara -- Lynn's parents -- established themselves in a half dugout around the bend in the canyon. First Walter and later Claude were elected sheriff, and Lynn Moncus remembers moving back and forth between the ranch and Tucumcari as her father served three separate terms.
"Claude the sheriff achieved a measure of fame, was even written up in a crime magazine, for solving a semi-sensation murder of a man whose body was dumped near Tucumcari in the 1950's. Claude doggedly figured out the identity of the victim and traced his car to Amarillo, found no better clue than a matchbook in the car and, beginning with nothing else, used the matchbook to determine who the killer was and to track him to Surgeon Bay, Wis. The culprit was subsequently arrested in California and convicted in New Mexico, where he died in the electric chair. Claude, a modest man, could have attributed his success to the streak of resourcefulness exhibited by his parents in challenging a new land with two covered wagons and a baby boy.
"For all their struggles in those first years, it was perhaps Isabel who fought and won the biggest one. 'My grandmother was terribly frightened of Mexicans,' says Lynn Moncus. 'But later on she got angry at the misrepresentations of Mexican people she found in the history books. (Isabel later wrote) 'I was afraid of the Mexicans . . . I'd never seen a Mexican; but wasn't I a teacher? I knew my Texas history. I knew that the Mexicans were a race of cowardly cutthroats . . . Oh, that history had me ruined, in that respect, for pioneering.' Later, as she came to know them in New Mexico, Isabel's perceptions changed. 'My preconceived ideas of the Spanish race were wrong. I found them to be as upright, honorable and sensible as my own race. Of course there were dishonorable one among them, but neither could my own race boast of perfection. Then is when I began to wonder about my Texas history. Could those atrocious crimes as related in that history have been committed in retaliation from crimes equally as great, that we had committed against them? We made history of theirs but failed to mention our own crimes. Be that as it may, had I learned that lesson years earlier, I would have been spared the bitter hatred, fear and suffering that I endured until I learned the race among whom I am proud to acknowledge I have many good friends.'

"Since almost the beginning of this century, the Moncus family has had a presence in Quay County and Eastern New Mexico. Lynn Moncus says she's the last Moncus left. Her grandparents, only two generations removed, were reflections of thousands of other optimistic pioneers who loaded down their wagons with nearly every earthly possession and set off down a dirt road -- more confident than apprehensive -- to farm and ranch in the unfamiliar but expansive West. Some of them came to New Mexico.
"The grass has not comp0letely come back in fields abandoned to the fickleness of dryland farming. They lie in silent legacy to the unwise practice of taking a plow to some parts of the prairie, harvesting bumper crops of dust. But even if the crops and cattle failed, the people endured.
" 'I have nothing but good memories of pioneer time,' says Lynn Moncus. ' They were hard times but we were all equal. We were all grubbing for a living. And even if some people were at war with each other, if one got hurt or in trouble or got sick, you went over to their place and brought in the crop or branded cattle or whatever needed to be done.'
"Walter and Isabel Moncus, facing advanced age, move to Fort Sumner and then to Tucumcari in their later years. He died at 80 in 1955. She died at 90 in 1964. They are buried at a cemetery in Tucumcari."

Marriage: July 16, 1900, Crowell, Texas

iii. JOHN C. CARTER32,32, b. Abt. 1877.
iv. ELLEN CARTER32,32, b. Abt. 1878.
v. HARDEE OR HARDY CARTER32,32,32, b. Abt. 1879.
vi. PAUL B. CARTER33,34, b. December 1882.
vii. FAYETTE (?) CARTER35, b. October 1886.

Notes for FAYETTE (?) CARTER:
This name is hard to read on the census record, and may not be correct as recorded here. She is listed as a daughter, though.

viii. AMANDA CARTER35,36, b. October 1888.

Her name is hard to read on the 1900 census record for Hamilton County, Texas, and may not be correct as reported here.

ix. ED OR EDDIE (?) CARTER37, b. February 1889.

Notes for ED OR EDDIE (?) CARTER:
His name is hard to read on the 1900 census record for Hamilton County, Texas and may not be correct as reported here.

x. CARL R. CARTER37,38,38, b. June 1895.
xi. JOHN Q. CARTER, JR.39,40, b. November 1897.
xii. GRACE MARGARET CARTER41,42,43,44,45, b. February 1899, Crowell, Foard County, Texas46; d. July 14, 1929, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ47,47; m. (1) JACK DOWNEY48, Abt. 1916, Texas; b. Bet. 1885 - 1899, United States49; d. Bef. January 1920, probably Texas; m. (2) ROSCOE LLOYD MILLS, Aft. January 1920; b. Abt. 1886, probably Massachusetts; d. Bef. June 1928, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona.

In the 1900 census for Foard County, Texas, Grace is listed as being born in February of 1899.
In the 1920 census, Grace Carter Downey is living with her parents and daughter, Evelyn Downey. She is listed as being a widow, with her occupation as laborer in a laundry.

Burial: Cremated at Greenwood Memorial Cemetery, Phoenix, Arizona
Cause of Death: pulmonary tuberculosis
Medical Information: duration 1 year 6 months, contracted in Arizona

Marriage: Abt. 1916, Texas

Marriage: Aft. January 1920

xiii. HER??? CARTER50, b. Abt. 1901, Foard County, Texas.

Notes for HER??? CARTER:
The name of this boy is nearly undecipherable to me on the 1910 census record, the only record I have of him, and could be Herbert. Researchers who want to look at the record and make a guess at the name should look for the family of John Carter in Foard County, TX.

8. MARY AUGUSTA5 CARTER (HENRY JONES4, JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1)51 was born February 15, 1856 in Smith County, Texas52, and died February 08, 1933 in Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas. She married JAMES SAMUEL LIVINGSTON53,54 Bef. 1874 in Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas, son of UEL LIVINGSTON and MARY MANNING. He was born May 29, 1855 in Bastrop County, Texas55,56, and died April 23, 1898 in Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas57.

In the 1900 census for Hamilton County, Texas, "Gussie" is listed as a widow and farmer with 13 living children, and the mother of either 17 or 19 children. (It's hard to read the exact number)

Burial: Old Hamilton Cemetery, Hamilton County, Texas

In the 1880 census for Hamilton County, Texas, Jim's occupation(s) is listed as: Farmer, Merchant and Stock raiser.

from the Internet at:
the following passages were posted by Elreeta Crain Weathers

"[William Dennis "Bill" Payne married Olive "Ollie" Dunlap in 1872 in Hill County and relocated to Hamilton County later that year. William Payne was murdered in Beckham County, Oklahoma, on July 12, 1914.]


It was about 1898 that Payne killed Livingston. It was Saturday night and they had been, were at Hamilton drinking pretty heavily. James S. "Jim" Livingston it was said had given Payne a severe beating. Later it was said when Payne was standing at the saloon door Livingston came up and called him a "@#$%@#$" and said he had what it took to take care of him. Payne shot and killed Livingston, the ball going through his forearm, upper arm, and into his side, from which it was deduced that Livingston was reaching for his throat.
Jim Livingston was taken upstairs to Dr. R.A. Kooken's office. He was asked if he had any statement to make and he said he did not . . ..
In the trial for killing Poe, Payne was defeated (sic) by Judge James A. Edison (our next door neighbor, later on the Austin Court of Civil Appeals) and acquitted. In the second trial, for killing Jim Livingston, he was defended by Judge C.K. Bell, later attorney general, and assisted by my uncle John C. Main, and was convicted. His reputation was so bad that he was given two years this time and served it. After he came back he did not stay long, but went to Indian Territory, where he was shot by a fellow from some distance with a buffalo gun and killed.

(Several years ago a jovial young man introduced himself to me on the street as Tom Livingston. He was the grandson of Jim Livingston. His father was "Cad" Livingston, possibly named after Mr. Williams. He was born and reared in New Mexico, but at the time was ranching in Oklahoma. He spoke of "White Metal" Livingston, of whom Mr. Williams sometimes spoke, and who Mr. Jim Read, the bartender in Uncle Bill Jones' saloon in Reserve, New Mexico, told Evetts Halley and me that he knew. We also discussed one of the Livingstons who was an historian in New Mexico, and he told of one who had been a prominent lawyer there.)

(The original Livingston was Mr. Uel (sic) Livingston, one of the earliest and best know (sic) ranchers in the county, the father of Jim and the others. There was the story that someone visited his home saw a new Bible, and said, "Mr. Livingston, that is a beautiful Bible. Do you read it much?" He answered that it was only in times of bad drought.)

(John E. Chesley, my uncle, who ranched here and later in Stephens County, told me there was a "Red Jim" and a "Black Jim," that one was a heavy drinker, the other an abstainer, and that the drinker stopped short and the other took it up.")

Burial: Old Hamilton Cemetery, Hamilton County, Texas

Marriage: Bef. 1874, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas

i. EWELL HENRY6 LIVINGSTON58, b. September 20, 1874, Hamilton County, Texas59,60; d. April 30, 1935, Hamilton County, Texas61; m. ROXIE MAMIE BRUNER61, July 22, 1906, Hamilton County, Texas61; b. July 09, 188161; d. November 17, 1967, Hamilton County, Texas61.

note from Kathy Beaudry: There are variations in the records as to the spelling of this name: Uel, Eul, Euell and Ewell, but in the 1880 census, it was spelled Euell.

In the 1910 census for Hamilton TX, Ewell was listed as Henry E..

Burial: Old Hamilton Cemetery, Hamilton County, Texas61

Marriage: July 22, 1906, Hamilton County, Texas61

ii. JOHN RAYMOND LIVINGSTON62, b. January 27, 1877, Hamilton County, Texas62; d. February 27, 1920, Carlsbad, Eddy County, New Mexico; m. ANNIE WEEKS, December 31, 1919, probably New Mexico.


Obituary for Raymond Livingston, from The Hamilton Record and Hustler, Hamilton, Texas, March 4, 1920:


"J. Raymond Livingston, well known stockman, died at Eddy County Hospital last Friday night of pneumonia, after a brief illness. Mr. & Mrs. Livingston were both taken ill about two weeks ago with influenza, which in the case of Mr. Livingston, rapidly developed into pneumonia, with the sad results above stated. From the very first, it was said, he had small chance for recovery, and no headway could be made against the disease.
"The deceased was forty-three and one month old. He had resided in Eddy County continuously since he was a lad of sixteen and enjoyed a wide acquaintance in Carlsbad and the county, and many expressions of sorrow were heard at his passing.
"Mr. Livingston leaves a mourner, his mother, Mrs. James Livingston, of Los Angeles; a brother C.C. of Hamilton, Texas; and his wife Mrs. Annie Weeks Livingston, to who he was married last 31st of December. The blow falls heavily on all, but especially so on the young wife, who has been called upon to pass through deep bereavement in the last few months; a nephew and a sister have died recently.
"Funeral Services were held yesterday morning at the residence, conducted by Rev. George H. Givan, assisted by Rev. J.W. Lowry and Rev. D.F. Sellards. After reading the ninety-first Psalm, and prayer had been offered, Reverend Givan spoke briefly. There are certain characteristics which distinguish individuals one from the other, different characteristics being prominent in different persons. Mr. Livingston was always cheerful and generous to a fault, and no one ever appealed to him for assistance in vain. His hand went to his pocket-book at every appeal for aid. He gave, not for show, but because his heart was ever tender toward the needy and unfortunate and he loved to relieve their distress. He was ever thoughtful, kind and helpful to those about him, and will be greatly missed.
"Hymns were sung -- ' Oh, Love that will not let me go' and 'Rock of Ages' and the body was tenderly borne to the City of the Dead, where further services were conducted by the local lodge of Odd Fellows, he being a member of that body and also a woodman. The pall bearers were John Lusk, W.C. Cotten, W. Benson, Lass James, Holley Benson and T.C. Horne.
"Covered by a wealth of beautiful flowers, tributes of friends and maternal orders, he sleeps in the little city under the hill, but it will be long ere his many good deeds will be forgotten in Carlsbad. The Current extends condolences to the bereaved."

from the Carlsbad, New Mexico Current:

"News of the death of Raymond Livingston, son of the late James Livingston and Mrs. Gussie Livingston, surviving, came as a sorrowful shock to the many friends and acquaintances in Hamilton of this noble man, who was born in the old family home in the Rock Church community and spent his early days in that neighborhood. Besides the surviving loved ones mentioned above, who attended the funeral, there are four brothers, Uel Livingston of Gatesville, Burney and Burton of Hamilton County and Burton of Northern New Mexico; two sisters, Mrs. Ida McClain and Mrs. Viola Casner of Los Angeles, California. To all these we extend deepest sympathy."

Burial: March 03, 1920, City of The Dead Cemetery, Carlsbad, New Mexico

Marriage: December 31, 1919, probably New Mexico

iii. GARLAND LIVINGSTON62, b. 1878, Hamilton County, Texas; d. 1945, probably Hachita, New Mexico; m. MAY.
iv. ITASKA JANE LIVINGSTON62, b. January 11, 1881, Hamilton County, Texas63; d. March 31, 1978, Los Angeles County, California64; m. (1) R. B.. SMITH64, November 27, 1898, Hamilton County, Texas64; m. (2) MISTER MCCLAIN, Bet. 1912 - 1921; m. (3) CHARLES O. PADDOCK, Abt. 1921.

Marriage: November 27, 1898, Hamilton County, Texas64

Marriage: Bet. 1912 - 1921

Marriage: Abt. 1921

v. BURNEY LIVINGSTON, b. December 30, 1882, Hamilton County, Texas65; d. August 26, 1946, Hamilton County, Texas.
vi. HIRAM M. LIVINGSTON, b. October 20, 188665.
vii. BURTON LIVINGSTON, b. January 188965.
viii. MARY LILLIE LIVINGSTON, b. February 22, 189165,66.
ix. CAD CLARK LIVINGSTON, b. December 189267.
x. ELTON LIVINGSTON, b. September 26, 1894.
xi. VIOLA MERIT LIVINGSTON, b. November 189567,68.
xii. INFANT LIVINGSTON, b. April 14, 1898.

9. ALFRED LAFAYETTE "FAYETTE"5 CARTER (HENRY JONES4, JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1)69,70 was born November 02, 1867 in Live Oak, Hamilton County, Texas71, and died March 1932 in Lampasas County, Texas. He married AMANDA MAUDE BLANSIT72 July 04, 1888 in Hamilton County, Texas, daughter of JOHN BLANSIT and ELEANOR WHITE. She was born February 22, 1870 in Hamilton County, Texas73, and died December 28, 1942 in Perryton, Ochiltree County, Texas.

sent to Kathy Beaudry by Kermit Rutledge:

Hamilton, TX - March 26, 1937

-- A. Lafayette Carter, Pioneer, Travels to New Frontier

Alfred Lafayette Carter was born March 2, 1867 in Live Oak Community on
the Cow House in Hamilton County, Texas. He was the son of Joseph [sic]
Henry and Mary Caroline Carter. He was married to Miss Maude Blansit on
July 4, 1889. There were twelve children born of this union, seven boys
and five girls. Mamie, Stella, Marion, Blansit, Munroe, Hamilton,
Jewell, Mildred, A.L., Jr., Mack, and twin sons Ed and Fred. Mamie died
at the age of 12 , Hamilton died at 18, and Ed died an infant, age 4
months. All of the children live in or near Perryton, Texas, except
Munroe, who lives at Long Beach, California, and Fred, who lives at
Alice, Texas. There are 15 grandchildren.

He was converted and joined the Methodist Church at the age of thirty
under the preaching of Abe Mulkey. He has been a faithful Christian
ever since. He has been a member of Rock House Masonic Lodge for more
than 45 years.

During the early childhood of "Fayette" Carter his father began
pre-empting and purchasing from the state, more than a league of land in
the Blue Ridge country, but as there was no school or settlement and the
Indians were still making raids in this country they moved on to
Hamilton and only the father and older boys lived in the log hut at Blue
Ridge and with their oxen sodded in the largest farm in Hamilton County.
They built a double log house (one room of which is still standing) and
as soon as conditions were deemed safe all of the family moved out on
the farm, organized and built the Blue Ridge School near the site where
the beautiful Blue Ridge High School now stands. "Fayette" Carter grew
to manhood helping his father improve the home site. Shortly after his
marriage, being an instinctive pioneer, he took his young wife and
infant into the undeveloped new country now called Foard county, took up
a section of land, dug a one-room dugout, covering it with Mesquite
brush and earth, and began the hard task of putting in a farm. He lived
in his dug-out home for three years and then at the request of his
father returned to the old home in Hamilton county where he lived until
1912 when he again answered the call of the pioneering spirit, moving to
Ochiltree county where he began, on an extensive scale, the breeding and
raising of white-faced cattle. With the development of power machinery
he again pioneered in the vast production of wheat.

"Fayette" Carter had little opportunity of gaining an education in the
schools, but he went a long way in remedying this handicap by giving
himself an extensive self-education. He had a high appreciation of
friendship, to him, friendship was a beautiful flower that bloomed
brightest during dark days and days of adversity. He was a devoted
husband and a beloved father, always willing to carry a burden but never
willingly burdening others. Much pain he bore in stoic solitude rather
than to cause fear or uneasiness to his friends and loved ones. He
always lived in the open and he appreciated it. He loved the beautiful
things of nature and on March 19, while walking in God's own garden he
lay down in sleep to awaken in that new frontier where there are no
pioneering hardships.

Mr. and Mrs. Fayette Carter were visiting their nephew, David H. Carter
and family on their baronial estate in the Evant section, just across
the line in Lampasas county, when death came to him suddenly from a
heart attack. Mr. and Mrs. David H. Carter and son, Prof. James D.
Carter, principal of the Evant school, accompanied Mrs. Maude Carter and
children to Perryton, Texas, where the body of A. L. Carter has been
laid to rest.

When news spread in Hamilton and the county that Fayette Carter had
passed away at the home of David H. Carter, many friends made haste to
go there to pay tributes to his memory in beautiful floral offerings and
in expressions of sympathy for the sorrowing loved ones.

Burial: March 1932, Perryton, Ochiltree County, Texas

In the census record for 1910, Maud is listed as having had 12 children, with 10 of them still living. Mamie Martin, her first child, and Ed, her last child, had died.
In 1911, Maude and Fayette moved to Perryton, Ochiltree County, Texas from Hamilton County, TX.
In the 1920 census, Maude was living with the family of her niece, Isabelle Carter Moncus, in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona, a town that borders Phoenix. Also living in the household are: Walter Moncus, head; Jewel Carter, daughter of Maude; and the following children of Isabelle and Walter: Herman, Ima, Claude, Maude, Ray and May.
In that same census, Maude lists herself as married, although her husband is not living in the household. Her sister Elisabeth and Elisabeth's husband John Quincy Carter, their daughter Grace Carter Downey and grand-daughter Evelyn Downey, are living in Arizona also, one town away in Mesa.

Marriage: July 04, 1888, Hamilton County, Texas

i. MAMIE MARTIN6 CARTER74, b. June 1889, Hamilton County, Texas; d. Abt. 1901, Hamilton County, Texas.
ii. EDITH ESTELLA "STELLA" CARTER75,75, b. April 17, 1891, Hamilton County, Texas76,76; d. May 18, 1969, Rogers, Benton County, Arkansas; m. EUGENE PERRY "PET" StrIBLING76, July 10, 1910, Hamilton County, Texas.

Burial: Perryton, Ochiltree County, Texas

Marriage: July 10, 1910, Hamilton County, Texas

iii. FRANCIS MARION CARTER77, b. December 17, 1892, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas78; d. January 10, 1971, Ochiltree County, Texas78; m. SAINT LUKE BRILLHART78, July 18, 1917, Ochiltree County, Texas78.

Marriage: July 18, 1917, Ochiltree County, Texas78

iv. DAVID BLANSIT CARTER, b. December 1894, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas; d. May 08, 1941, Ochiltree County, Texas78.
v. ALFRED MONROE CARTER79, b. December 1896, Hamilton County, Texas80; d. March 1977, Ochiltree County, Texas80..
vi. HAMILTON F. CARTER, b. December 1898, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas; d. May 17, 1918, Ochiltree County, Texas80.
vii. JEWELL MAUD CARTER81, b. Abt. 1901, Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas; d. August 195782; m. DEWEY RICE ALLEN82, May 27, 1923, Texas82.

Marriage: May 27, 1923, Texas82

viii. MILDRED F.. CARTER82, b. May 28, 190382.
ix. ALFRED LAFAYETTE CARTER, JR.82, b. February 12, 190582.
x. JAMES MACK CARTER82, b. Abt. 190782..
xi. FRED SHERMAN CARTER83, b. July 06, 1909, Hamilton County, Texas.

Fred and Ed were twins.

xii. EDWARD HENRY CARTER84, b. July 06, 1909, Hamilton County, Texas; d. November 10, 1909, Hamilton County, Texas.

Ed and Fred were twins.

10. CHARILDA CALEDONIA5 CARTER (JAMES ATCHLEY4, JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1) was born November 10, 1861. She married JAMES N.. BILLINGSLEY December 04, 1879. He died April 27, 1928 in Hamilton County, Texas.

Marriage: December 04, 1879


11. MARY ELIZABETH5 CARTER (JOHN WESLEY4, JOHN WESLEY3, CALEB2, LEVI1) was born September 11, 1872 in McNairy, Tennessee, and died August 11, 1928 in Texas. She married ROBERT L.. CHAPMAN Bef. 1898 in Hamilton County, Texas.

Marriage: Bef. 1898, Hamilton County, Texas

i. WILLIAM H.6 CHAPMAN, b. February 13, 1898, Evant, Texas; d. September 1953, Massachusettes; m. MARY WINIFRED DOUCET, 1927, Maine.

Marriage: 1927, Maine



1. Biographical sketch of John Wesley Carter, Sr. & John Wesley Carter, Jr. in Texas historical books.
2. Biographical sketch of Henry Jones Carter from "History of Texas," Central Texas Edition, published in 1896 by The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
3. Carol Chapman.
4. Biographical sketch of Henry Jones Carter, "History of Texas." In this sketch, Peggy is referred to as "Mrs. John Frazier."
5. Mormon's web site,
6. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1870; Smith County, Texas, 1850
7. Carol Chapman.
8. Research of Carolyn Carter Schiewe
9. Carol Chapman.
10. Doris Scott.
11. Carol Chapman.
12. Research of Carolyn Carter Schiewe
13. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1870
14. Census Records, 1870, Hamilton County, TX
15. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
16. Family Bible.
17. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
18. Research of Carolyn Carter Schiewe
19. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
20. Census Records, 1880, 1900 & 1920
21. Family Bible.
22. Census Records, 1880, Hamilton County, Texas; 1900 Foard County, Texas & 1920 Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona (near Phoenix)
23. Census Records, 1880
24. Obituary.
25. Census Records, 1870, Hamilton County, TX, 1880 Hamilton County, TX, 1900, Foard County, TX, 1910 Foard County, TX; 1920 Maricopa County, Mesa, AZ
26. Census Records, 1880 Hamilton County, Texas
27. The Internet.
28. Kathy McNeil Beaudry.
29. Census Records, 1880 Hamilton County, Texas
30. The Internet. CA Death Records on-line at
31. The Internet. California Death Records, at the following site:http://vitals,
32. Census Records, 1880 Hamilton County, Texas
33. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
34. Census Records, 1900 Foard County, Texas
35. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
36. Census Records, 1900 Foard County, Texas
37. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
38. Census Records, 1900 Foard County, Texas
39. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
40. Census Records, 1900 Foard County, Texas
41. Census Records, 1920, Mesa AZ
42. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
43. Census Records, 1920, Mesa AZ
44. Census Records, 1900 Foard County, Texas
45. Death Certificate, issued July, 1929, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona
46. Census Records. 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
47. Research of Kathy McNeil Beaudry, as told by her mother, Evelyn Downey McNeil
48. Social Security Record of Evelyn Downey McNeil, 1939
49. Census Records, as reported on 1920 census by Grace Carter Downey
50. Census Records, 1910 Foard County, TX
51. Census Records, 1870 Hamilton County, Texas (Mary Augusta is listed as "Martha."
52. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
53. photo of James Livingston & Gussie Carter Livingston posted on Internet.
54. Charlene Rose.
55. Research of Carolyn Carter Schiewe
56. Charlene Rose.
57. Research of Carolyn Carter Schiewe
58. Research of Charlene Rose
59. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
60. photo of James Livingston & Gussie Carter Livingston posted on Internet.
61. Research of Charlene Rose
62. Charlene Rose.
63. photo of James Livingston & Gussie Carter Livingston posted on Internet.
64. Research of Charlene Rose
65. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
66. photo of James Livingston & Gussie Carter Livingston posted on Internet.
67. Census Records, 1900 Hamilton County, Texas
68. photo of James Livingston & Gussie Carter Livingston posted on Internet.
69. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
70. Family Bible.
71. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
72. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1900
73. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1870
74. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1900
75. Research of Mary Ruth Stribling, daughter of Stella Carter
76. Research of Elreeta Weathers
77. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1900
78. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
79. Census Records, Hamilton County, Texas, 1900
80. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
81. Census Records, Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona, 1920
82. Carolyn Carter Schiewe.
83. Research of Elreeat Weathers
84. Research of Elreeta Weathers
Submitted by Kathy Beadry