The Old Abe Eagle Extractions - 1894

The Old Abe Eagle, White Oaks:

January 4, 1894 NVS

January 11, 1894: NVS

January 18, 1894:

Page four:

Marriage: Lute Jeanings, Miss Corn, dau. of Willis Corn, Jan. 12.

Died: Jonathan Scroggins, age 59 years 11 months 29 days, Tuesday, Russian Influenza, died.

January 25, 1894:

Page four:

Disinterred: Thomas W. Corey, died 1892, laid beside his mother, White Oaks Masonic Section.

Married: The Eagle reported a romance in White Oaks involving George Howard aka Brown, apparently a Black man and Francesca a daughter of Don Bitor Moruje, apparently a Mexican. The writer tried to be so cute that this compiler was unable to decipher what was said, or if they were married.  One quote said, “Yo’ jua’ watch me. Some ‘in’ ‘ll  cu’minate to-mor’ ‘bout 10 o’clock in the mawnin’. ‘N’ en if that fellow puts his foot in my house, w’en the gun cracks he’s my meat.” And so on…

February 1, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Mrs. R. M. Nugent, Jan. 31, Nogal, died.

Page four:

Marriage: John Wharton, Miss Mary Hyde, Sunday 4th.

White Oaks School: Honor students: 147 total.

Robert Lund, Harry Gallacher, Roy Gumm, Cody Kempton, Coke Keith, John Gallacher, Lang Keith, Jas. Lee, Fred Blackhart, Jas. Davis, Medora Hurd, Jodie Biggs, Margie McCourt, Allie Keith, May Lee, Susie McMains, Blythe Biggs, Maggie Wickaon, Leona Keith, John Lane,

Edward Strumgquist, Edgar Watson, Jesus Padilla, Roy Treat, Jose Sanchez, Leo Schwartz, Perfecto Archuleta, Willie Gallagher, Bennie Sandoval, Rich’d Hamilton, Omer Strumquist, Eff. Hughes, Mary McMains, Bessie Taliaferro, Florence Murdock, Adella Keith, Guesita Kestler, May Cleghorn, Ada Steck, Pearl Blackhart, Minnie McDade, Bonito Grieshaber, Willie Watson, Nachu Capauane, Henry Gibbons. Wharton Haley teacher.

February 8, 1894:

Page four:

Estate: Wm. Caffrey, no other information.

February 15, 1894:

Page four:

Died: James William, age 5 months 10 days, buried yesterday.

February 24, 1894: NVS

March 1, 1894:

Page one:

Died: C. V. Van Sickle, brutally murdered, February 12, died:

Other: Baxter Restaurant, one meal 35 cents, three meals $1, meal ticket $6.

Page four:

Died: Six men killed in mine explosion: Samuel Wells, Albert Snyder, Ed. Hogan, Joseph Fotheringill, Robert Penman, Richard Thornton, died.

Other: Repeat of Honor Students lost.

Other: The following jury list names are also the ones which often appeared in the newspaper.

Grand Jury list:

L. O. Douthitt, Upper Penasco.

J. O. Nabours, White Oaks (WO)

Wesley Field, Ruidoso.

James Franklin, Upper Penasco.

John G. Baird, Upper Penasco.

John York, White Oaks.

E. W. Pebbles, Bonito.

Harry Bosse, Lower Penasco.

C. B. Holden, Upper Penasco.

J. W. Owens, White Oaks.

Joe Fitzpatrick, White Oaks.

Jose Torres y Chaves, Nogal.

J. B. Powell, Lower Penasco.

G. T. Miller, Weed.

Octaviano Perea, Lincoln.

A.O. Lacy, White Oaks.

W. W. Corn, Bonito.

F. M. Gibbons, White Oaks.

Ed Uebrick, White Oaks.

J. W. Alexander, White Oaks.

Frank Coe, Lincoln.

Hiram Watson, Lincoln.

J. W. Hendricks, Lower Penasco.

Joe Biggs, White Oaks.

Fred A. Behringer, Weed.

Andrew Crawford, White Oaks.

W. J. Mahon, White Oaks.

Petit Jury List:

L. D. Puckett, Bonito.

G. G. Reeves, Lower Penasco.

Jose Miranda, Reventon.

Cyrus Moore, Nogal.

Frank W. Parker, White Oaks.

W. M. Hightower, Ruidoso.

J. T. Welsh, Bonito.

Rumaldo Fresques, Picacho.

S. A. Strong, Weed.

Hejiario Samora, Lincoln.

A. W. Johnson, Upper Penasco.

Juan Sanchez y Trujillo, Reventon.

W. J. Wailes, Weed.

Jno. Burk, Lower Penasco.

Jesus Ma Romero, Reventon.

J. G. Huber, Bonito.

N. Q. Patterson, Weed.

Henry Williams, White Oaks.

J. W. Thompson, Upper Penasco.

John Johnson, Lincoln.

Filomeno Griego, Lincoln.

D. W. Meadows, Upper Penasco.

Francisco Sedillo, Capitan Mountains.

R. A. Buford, Lower Penasco.

J. P. Romero, Picacho.

P. J. Snow, Weed.

Wesley Pureillo, White Oaks.

Principio Picacho, Reventon.

Joshua Hale, Ruidoso.

Trinidad Romero, Picacho.

J. F. Ramasdale, White Oaks.

J. G. Fort, Upper Penasco.

March 8, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Gus Kastler, died.

Page four:

Died: Augustus Kastler, age 46, Sunday, buried Monday, died.

March 15, 1894:

Page four:

Hall of White Oaks Lodge No. 20, sympathies for Augustus Kastler, deceased.

March 22, 1894: NVS

March 29, 1894:

Page four:

School Examination Reports, students scoring 80 percent or above, all classes, many names duplicated for various courses:

Margie McCourt, May Lee, Carrie LaLone (previously spelled Lalone), Manda Littleton, Jas.  Davis, Jodie Biggs, Harry Gallacher, Roy Gumm, John Gallacher, Lang Keith, Margie McCourt, Helen Allen, Lang Keith, Margie McCourt, Lang Keith, John Lane, Allioe Keith, Helen Allen, John Gallacher, Cody Kempton, Roy Gumm, Harry Gallacher, Geo. Queen, Jas. Davis, Medora Hurd, Coke Keith, Roy Gumm, Margie McCourt, May Lee, John H. Lane, Robt. Lund, Jodie Biggs, Medora Hurd, John Gallacher, Harry Gallacher, Robert Lund, Medora Hurd, John Gallacher, Cody Kempton, Jas. Davis, Fred Blackhart, Earnst Keith, Leona Keith, May Lee, Gusaita Kestler, Perfecto Archaleta, Benio Sandoval, Mary McMains, Richard Hamilton, Fred Blackhart, Edw’d Queen, Roy Treat, Robt. Presley, Adella Keith, Jose Sanchez, Duncan Fergusson, Jose Torres, Benino Sandoval, Pearl Blackhart, Bessie Taliaferro, Jose Torres, Edgar Strumquest (spelled three ways in the records), Edgar Watson, Richard Hamilton, Roy Treat, John Strumquist, Leo Schwartz, Willie Owens, Clarence Rickert, Gusita  Koetler (blurred), Leo Schwartz, Maggie Wickson, Blythe Biggs, Ed. Strumgquist(is this a different person or a spelling mistake?), Roy Treat, Henry Gibtens(blurry), N. Capauano, Adella Keith.

April 5, 1894: NVS

April 12, 1894:

Page four: Other. A madman poisoned several burros and 23 dogs yesterday.

April 19, 1894: NVS

April 26, 1894.

Page four:

Birth: Mrs. Charlie Anschutz, girl, Thursday.

May 3, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Frank L. Hatton, Monday, paralysis, died.

May 10, 1894:

Page four:

Died: George Fitzpatrick, shot, Thursday, was abusive and drunk, died.

Died: William A. Stauffer, age 33, brain fever, Wednesday, died.

May 17, 1894:

Page four:

Died: William A. Stauffer, Wednesday, died. Also, card of thanks.

May 14, 1894:

Page one:

Other: We carry a full line of rubbers for both men and women, and they are about the proper caper these times. Caliarerro Bros.

May 31, 1894:

Page four:

Married: J. H. McCutchen, Miss Mary T. Martin, May 16, Socorro.

June 7, 1894:

Page four:

Married: Len Branum, Miss Nellie Henley, yesterday.

June 14, 1894:

Page three:

Died: Con Gibson, shot in head, Phoenix, last night, died.

June 21, 1894:

Page three:

Other. A. C. Bragg (Alfred Colum Bragg) has charge of the TA brand of Cattle, and no one else is authorized to sell the same brand. A. C. Bragg, June 21, 1894.

June 28, 1894:

Page four:


Mrs. M. L. Heman and son Elwood arrived from Atchison.

Miss Pauline Davis student at Fayette, Mo.

Mrs. J. A. McDaniel’s brother John T. McKeen killed while crossing RR tracks in Lowell, Mass.

White Oaks pursues a telegraph line for their town.

Mexican shot in right side of head. Dr. Paden summoned. Still alive, his brain was invaded with insects.

Married: Emmett Yates, Miss Lura (or Lara) Leslie, June 23.

July 5, 1894:

Page four:

Dr. Paden removed a splinter from the brain of the Head-shot Mexican of last week. The Mexican is getting better.

July 12, 1894: NVS

July 19, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Mrs. E. S. McPherson, died.

Page four:

Birth: Mrs. Frank Gibbons, boy, Saturday.

Died: John Owen’s infant, Monday, died.

Estate: Mrs. Elizabeth Fitzpatrick for George Fitzpatrick deceased killed on May 3.

Other: Soda water on ice, a delicious drink at the Bakery.

July 26, 1894: NVS

August 2, 1894: NVS

August 9, 1894:

Page four:

Married: Lee E. McGehee, Miss Millicent Blackham, Tuesday.

August 16, 1894: NVS

August 23, 1894: NVS

August 30, 1894:

Page one: Other: Philip Schwartz and E. S. Rosenthal arrested for stealing 18.75pound gold bar.

Page four:

Died: Calvin Fisk, Monday, apoplexy, died.

September 6, 1894:

Page one:

Died: James Barrett, murdered, to hang tomorrow, died.

September 13, 1894: NVS

September 20, 1894:

Page one:

Died? J. F. Hinkle will be remembered. Died?

Page four:

Died: Mrs. Mary Madden, age 70, Saturday, Texas Park, Buried W. O.,

Birth: Mrs. Albert Ziegler, girl, Sunday.

September 27, 1894:

Page four:

Married: John I. Latham, Miss Helen E. Allen, Tuesday.

October 4, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Mr. Smith, last week, below Eddy, RR Worker struck by lightning, died.

Died: Charles F. Hilton killed last winter, died.

October 11, 1894: NVS

Page four:

Other: Some names mentioned: Col. Heman, Sol. Wiener, Miss Vene Gunn, G. H. Dye, H. B. Fergusson, Col. A. J. Fountain, Capt. Portman, John Ritter.

October 18, 1894:

Page two:

Died: Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, last week, died.

Other: A political war raged in Lincoln between the Populist Party, The Democrat Party and the Republican Party. No much has changed in over a hundred years.

October 27, 1894:

Pager four:

Died: William M. Huff, murdered by F. R. Chisum, knife attack, Tuesday, died.

November 1, 1894:

Page one:

Married: Miss Maggie May, Fred Pfingston, in Nogal, this morning.

November 8, 1894:

Page four:

Married: William Reily, Miss Nellie Gray, Oct 31.

Birth: Mrs. J. O. Nab, boy, Tuesday.

November 15, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Jacob Harsh, suicide, morphine overdose, died.

Page two: Official vote totals in Lincoln County by precincts:

Lincoln (village), Patricio, Ruidoso, Picacho, Tablos, Weed, White Oaks, Upper Pinasco, Reventon, Nogal, Bonito, Los Pablos. I did not make a statistical analysis bit it appears that White Oaks had the most voters (twelve seats were in play) followed by Lincoln, and then Picacho and then Weed.

November 22, 1894: NVS

Page four: School, 126 students. This is down by 20 students from last report. The honor roll names did not change.

November 29, 1894: NVS

December 6, 1894:

Page three:

Died: Daniel Berridge, suicide, Tuesday, died.

Died: J. H. Eaugh, Thursday, blood poisoning, died.

December 13, 1894: NVS

December 20, 1894:

Page one:

Died: Mrs. S. V. Dillery’s baby, card of thanks, died,

Page two:

Probate Court:

Antonio Sanchez, deceased.

James Eubanks, deceased.

Alice Hickman, deceased.

John E. Wilson, deceased.

Frances York, minor.

Ed R. Bonnell, deceased.

R. C. Parsons, deceased.

Canuto Trujillo, deceased.

Margarita Galvis, deceased.

W. H. Bazel, deceased.

William Caffrey, deceased.

W. W. Fenton, deceased.

George Fitzpatrick, deceased.

Page four:

Died: Mrs. S. V. Dillery’s child, Monday, died.

Died: J. S. Elston, died. (blurry)


White Oaks Graded School 137 students, 134 average daily attendance.

About 42 honor students listed but very blurry. Your compiler has deciphered these new honor students to the list.

Keith Lang

Jodie Biggs,

Elsie Richart ?,

Cody Kempton,

W. H. Deartmore ?,

Pearl Blackhart,

George Queen,

Omer Owens,

John Lane,

Ja----- Kirk,

Huyhes Modina,

Maud Bailry,

Riley Waters,

Rlytie? Biggs,

Bessie Tailiaferro,

Mainlie? Cooper,

Anthony York,

Roy Treat,

Florence Wharton,

Manda?  L-----ton,

December 27, 1894:

Page one: J. D. Proudtit, suicide, blurry, died.

Page four:

Married: J. J. McCourt, Miss Vena Gumm, yesterday, huge story.

End of 1894 extraction by C. W. Barnum. Copyright, all rights reserved. 

Compiler’s impression of Lincoln County in 1894 based on the Old Abe Eagle stories. Wild game was abundant, namely quail, bear, deer, duck, antelope, and fish, as were mountain lions. Newspapers were extensions of political parties. The biggest concerns to the upper classes were horse and cattle theft and ore theft, murder, robberies, diseases such as grippe, brain fever (a general term for various diseases such as Meningitis, Scarlet fever, paranoia and hallucinations), consumption(TB), paralyses (probably meaning strokes), blood poisoning (Not a true medical term. It referred to infections.), diarrhea, cholera, and skin problems, mine and ranch accidents, obtaining rail service for White Oaks, continued growth at Ft. Stanton. Newspapers were heavily involved in promoting the area for business. The names of children were almost never mentioned in the paper. Women were merely extensions of their husbands—they were referred to as Mrs. John Doe instead of Mrs. Mary Doe, etc. Women could not vote. Social bonds were established by parties and dances at at a residence of one of the people that mattered. These dances were also a place where young men met young women. The area was awash in law suits over land ownership. Land and mining fraud were rampant. Many of the upper class were wealthy. My impression is they brought their wealth from the Eastern states. Children were sent east for higher education. Wives often took month-long trips to visit relatives. Life was good for the upper class and not so much good for the peons. It must be assumed that I missed several items because they were not easily found in the papers unless the event involved prominent individuals. Communication with the world was done by the “wire” i.e., telegraph. A tale-tale sign of importance of a family was manifested in the amount of paper space given to a marriage or death. One line given for ordinary people and a full column for important people. Oysters were popular at dinner for the upper classes.

As I have typed on this computer I watched a pair of dove sitting a nest outside my window. At 10:00 AM daily the female begins to coo. Within in two minutes the male arrives to take over. I suspect that the chicks hatched this morning because the male is taking a long time to settle in on the nest. He is not comfortable.

Updated: The doc said not to worry about floating eye spots for now. Cannot be fixed unless I get younger.

Pop Quiz:

  • What was a “Dime Social” in White Oaks in 1890’s?
  • What was the affliction called “paralysis”?
  • Was “Oscuro” and “the Oscars Mountains” different places in Lincoln County?
  • What was the “News Depot” in White Oaks? 
  • What did “all the go” mean in the 1890’s.
  • What was apoplexy?

Who remembers Donald Queen?

I loved that man. He was a true intellectual. I believe he obtained a degree in Philosophy from the University of NM. He had a wild side too. One night a few of us were out drinking beer in his car near White Oaks. Somehow the dare was made that the boys could not avoid being run over. We scattered and Donald went after everyone in his 1956, blue, four-door Victoria hardtop. That was a terrifying night. I’d not trade it for the world.

Return to: Lincoln County, NM AHGP

Source: The Old Abe Eagle Newspaper, Lincoln County, New Mexico, compiled by Charles Barnum.

© New Mexico American History and Genealogy Project 2011 - 2022
Created 1996 by Charles Barnum & 2016 by Judy White

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